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Task-based Instruction

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Presentation on theme: "Task-based Instruction"— Presentation transcript:

1 Task-based Instruction

2 Aims to provide learners with a natural context for language use.
Ss work to complete a task. Ss have abundant opportunity to interact. This interact facilitates language acquisition. By interacting, Ss have to check if they have comprehended correctly and get to listen to lang. beyond their ability.

3 Do not focus on a particular function or a form of the language.
Pedagogic focus on task completion instead of on the language used in the process. T uses a wide variety of linguistic forms to make context clear.

4 Prabhu (1987)- 3 types of tasks
Information-gap activity: exchange info. to complete a task. e.g.: Ss describe a picture for another S to draw. Opinion-gap activity: Ss give their personal preferences, feelings to complete a task. e.g.: topic on unemployment and be ask the solutions.

5 Prabhu (1987)- 3 types of tasks (cont.)
Reasoning-gap activity: derive new info. by inferring from info given. e.g.: Ss are given a railroad timetable and asked to work out the best route to get to a particular place. Work the best because it encourages a more sustained engagement with meaning.

6 Project-based Approach
1st stage: in the classroom planning, collaboration w/ T, content, scope of the project. 2nd stage: outside the classroom Gathering necessary information- conducting interviews, taking photos, preparing visual materials.

7 Project-based Approach (cont.)
3rd stage: Review the project monitoring work, receiving feedback from T. T works with Ss as a counselor , not the project director. Help Ss bridge the gap between language study and use.

8 Conclusion Candlin and Murphy (1987):
“The central purpose we are concerned with is language learning, and tasks present this in the form of a problem-solving negotiation between knowledge that the learner holds and new knowledge.”

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