Diabetes Type 2 By: Tiffany Walker What is Type 2 Diabetes? Body will not produce enough insulin Cells can ignore the insulin b/c they don’t recognize.
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Presentation on theme: "Diabetes Type 2 By: Tiffany Walker What is Type 2 Diabetes? Body will not produce enough insulin Cells can ignore the insulin b/c they don’t recognize."— Presentation transcript:
What is Type 2 Diabetes? Body will not produce enough insulin Cells can ignore the insulin b/c they don’t recognize it The glucose may not be able to get into body cells
Why is Insulin so important? Necessary for the body to use sugar! We need sugar? Basic fuel for the cells body But you can get to much sugar and cause your cells to starve for energy.
Blood Glucose Levels Normal Blood glucose levels Approx. 90-120 Two hours after eating Should not exceed 200
Facts Type 2 most common in African Americans Latinos Native Americans Asian Americans
Facts cont. 20.8 million children and Adults in the US Aprox. 7% of US population has Diabetes 14.6 million have been diagnosed 6.2 million don’t know they have Diabetes Age 20-60 y/o 9.6% of age group has diabetes
#1 Factor why people get Type 2 Being overweight/Obese 2 out of 3 Americans are overweight Half of these Americans are Obese
Being Overweight/Obese Keeps your body from making and using Insulin properly Also will cause High B More likely to have High Cholesterol
Being Overweight/Obese cont. If you could loose 5-7% of total body weight this could delay or possibly prevent you from getting Type 2 Diabetes! What’s is the key? “Eat less, Exercise MORE!”
Other Causes of Type 2 Being over the age of 30 Having high cholesterol Having high blood pressure (140/90) They are still researching the causes b/c they are not 100% on how you get this!
Some possible S/S Increased thirst Increased hunger after already eating Dry mouth N/V Frequent urination Fatigue Blurred Vision
Complications Cardiovascular disease Acounts for aprox. 65% of deaths in Diabetes pt. Retinopathy 12,000-24,000 new cases per year Neuropathy Nephrpathy Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure Hypertension
Complications cont. Amputations 60% of diabetics will have lower limb amputation Dental Disease Complications of pregnancy
How can Paramedics Help? Notice S/S early Treat syptoms If Hypoglycemic- D50 Glucagon Fruit juice
Key to NOT gettting Type 2 Watch eating habits Exercise daily Good night rest
Nutrition Lots of Vegies and Fruits Whole grain foods Brown rice vs. White rice Whole wheat spaghetti vs. Reg. spaghetti Lean meat Lots of WATER Avoid HIGH calorie snack foods Watch your portion sizes
New Treatments for Diabetes Insulin pump Stopping the disease before it starts