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Diabetes- Are You at Risk?

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Presentation on theme: "Diabetes- Are You at Risk?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Diabetes- Are You at Risk?

2 3 John 1:2 Beloved, I wish above all things that thou mayest prosper and be in health, even as thy soul prospereth

3 What is Diabetes Diabetes- a disorder that affects the way your body uses food for energy. Normally, the sugar in foods that you eat is digested and broken down to a simple sugar, known as glucose. Glucose circulates in your blood where it waits to enter cells to be used as fuel. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps move the glucose into cells. A healthy pancreas adjusts the amount of insulin based on the level of glucose. If you have diabetes, this process breaks down, and blood sugar levels become too high.

4 Types of Diabetes .Type 1 Diabetes- a life-long condition in which the pancreas stops making insulin. Without insulin, the body is not able to use glucose (blood sugar) for energy. . Type 2 Diabetes- a condition in which the body either makes too little insulin or cannot properly use the insulin it makes to convert blood glucose to energy.                          

5 Normal Values There are two tests that are used to check your blood for sugar (glucose) levels: Normal Fasting Blood Sugar range is mg/dl- you can test this by a finger stick and using a glucometer (a machine that tests your blood sugar) Normal Hemoglobin A1C is below 7%- it measures your average blood sugar over the previous 3 months- this is a test that only healthcare providers can do

6 Risk Factors of Diabetes
Obesity Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) High cholesterol Race - certain races have higher rates African Americans Hispanic Americans Mexican Americans Native Americans Family history of Type-2 diabetes Inactive lifestyle

7 Why are Risk Factors Good to Know?
Because you can prevent complications of diabetes such as: Extremely high or low blood sugar Heart disease- blocked blood vessels High blood pressure Vascular disease of your toes, feet, and legs Kidney disease- renal failure Eye disease- retinopathy Nerve damage- neuropathy

8 CAUTION!! Early signs & symptoms Frequent urination Frequent thirst
Frequent eating Fatigue Unexplained weight loss Poor wound healing Blurry vision *If you experience these symptoms contact your healthcare provider.

9 How to Prevent Diabetes
Eat a well balanced diet- avoid foods high in sugar, carbohydrates, salt and cholesterol Exercise regularly Maintain ideal body weight Annual health checkups

10 References Black, J. & Hawks, J. (2009). Medical-Surgical Nursing: Clinical Management for Positive Outcomes. (8th ed.) St. Louis: Saunders/Elsevier

11 Authors Latoya Buchanan, SN, WSSU Lorraine Harris, SN, WSSU
Frances Williams, SN, WSSU Fall 2009

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