2 ADDIE Design Development Implementation Evaluation an acronym for:AnalysisDesign DevelopmentImplementationEvaluation ADDIE is the basis for almost all Instructional Systems Design.Introduction to Instructional Design and the ADDIE Model by Kevin Kruse
3 The steps do not always fall in the same order The steps do not always fall in the same order. For instance, evaluation may take place after any phase of the model. This flexibility balances the systematic linear approach.Go Back at any stage
4 The Instructional Designer works with the Instructora subject matter expertan assessment team or an evaluatorTogether, they take into account the needs of the student and the goals of the course. Student evaluations and peer reviews may be utilized at this stage.Learning Technologies Service Summer Workshop Series Instructional Design
5 instructionally designed courses In the 1960’sefforts to find solutions for the failings of the educational system foundinstructionally designed coursestwice as successful as an otherwise designed coursefour times more successful than courses with no systematic training or design.A Brief History of Instructional Design By Douglas Leigh
6 successful instructional design systems use some form of Almost allsuccessful instructional design systems use some form ofADDIE
10 Needs AssessmentWhat knowledge and skills does the learner need to acquire?
11 Audience AnalysisWho will be enrolling in the course and what do they bring to the course as far as skills, experience, equipment, etc.?
12 Content AnalysisDoes the needed content already exist?
13 Technical AnalysisEstablish minimum technological requirements for the learnerEstablish what software and hardware will be needed to develop the courseEstablish what course management systems and server capabilitiesEstablish what software and hardware the instructor and developer will require
14 What should the structure of the course be? Structural AnalysisWhat should the structure of the course be?
15 Resource AssessmentAre there materials that can be used?
16 Our ADDIE process in action -The Analysis Phase Before beginning our group project, our group reiterated the task put before us by Barbara. We determined:What our task wasWho the target audience wasWhen would we work on the projectWhere we would converse and planBy whom would each part be accomplishedWhy we were following certain procedures
17 ADDIE: The Design Phase During this phase of the ADDIE process, the instructional designer creates a plan to help the students learn new material.To begin doing this, the instructor needs to look back at the results of the first phase of the ADDIE process to determine what the learners already know.
18 Design Phase Step 1- Planning Instructional Strategy During this step of the Design Phase, the instructor makes decisions concerning the following areas:Grouping and sequencing of course materialThe instructional methods and tactics that will be used to present materialThe assessments that will be used, and how they will measure a learner’s achievements
19 Design Phase Step 1- Planning Instructional Strategy Continuing with this step of the Design Phase, the instructional designer needs to decide whether to include some or all of the following types of activities:DrillsApplied PracticeGroup DiscussionsGroup ProjectsModelingScenarios
20 Design Phase Step 1- Planning Instructional Strategy To conclude Step 1 in the Design Phase, the instructor needs to decide which types of assessments should be used to monitor the progress and success of students. The type of assessment chosen should fit the learning goal.
21 Design Phase Step 2- Choosing the Course Format During the second step of the Design Phase, the instructional designer needs to choose the mode of delivery for the course. Possible options include:Asynchronouse-learningSynchronousInstructor-led lessonsSelf-study, paper-based materials
22 Design Phase Step 3- Creating the Instructional Design Document In the final step of the Design Phase, the instructional designer creates a document that will function as a sort of blueprint guide for building the course. The complexity of the document will be determined by the number of elements to be included in each course.
23 Our ADDIE process in action -The Design Phase Our group progressed through the ADDIE process in addressing the educational needs of the faculty. When we were deciding how to best instruct you in the use of the ADDIE process, the Design Phase our group worked through involved the following steps:
24 Our ADDIE process in action-The Design Phase Step 1- We decided to use a PowerPoint presentation as our method of instruction.Step 2- We decided that the course would be most effective in an instructor-led format, with the faculty viewing the group presentation.
25 Our ADDIE process in action-The Design Phase Step 3- We created an outline to use as our instructional design document. This gave us each an idea of the direction we needed to go, and it also clarified the tasks assigned to each group member. Once this step in the design phase was complete, we were ready to move on to the next phase of the ADDIE process.
26 ADDIE: Development Phase Production Begins:Design structure and flow of information.Utilize instructional technologies to develop exercises and activities.Prepare Presentation of information in a visually appealing way.Offer suggestions to engage the learner.
27 ADDIE: Development Phase Remember:‘Technically advanced and instructionally sound products will be desired by end users solely because of their technological superiority’ (Surry & Ensminger 2003).It’s all about the user.
28 ADDIE: Implementation Phase Presentation to the students:Generates the instructional interaction.Designed activities and instructional processes are performed.Creates an environment conducive to learning the designed instructional materials.
29 EvaluationThis component of the ADDIE process measures the efficiency and effectiveness of the instruction.Evaluation may be formative or summative.
30 Formative Evaluation Takes place during and after each stage in ADDIE. Identifies problems before the end of the project.Helps ensure success.Are things going as planned?Have new issues or changes occurred?
31 Summative Evaluation Occurs after final implementation takes place The purpose of this type of evaluation is to assess the general effectiveness of the instruction that has taken place.Results from the summative evaluation are often used to determine needs for future instruction.
32 Types of Summative Evaluation SurveysInterviewsQuality of projects or products produced by students
33 Our ADDIE process in action – The Evaluation Phase For our group, the Evaluation Phase occurred throughout the ADDIE process, as we refined our presentation ideas and product. (Formative evaluation) The Evaluation Phase will continue as we receive feedback from you about the effectiveness of our presentation. (Summative evaluation)
34 ResourcesBraxton, Sherri, Bronico, Kimberly, Looms, Thelma. The Computer Science Department, George Washington University. Washington, D.C. Available as of 9/23/00 at:Retrieved on 9/14/2006.
35 Resources ADDIE.Retrieved on September 18, 2006, from .Instructional Design Models
36 Slide References • http://www. e-learningguru. com/articles/art2_1 Slide References • –Introduction to Instructional Design and the ADDIE Model by Kevin Kruse • –Learning Technologies Service 1998 Summer Workshop Series Instructional Design • –A Brief History of Instructional Design By Douglas Leigh • •