Forms of the Verbs Meeting 9 Matakuliah: G0794/Bahasa Inggris Tahun: 2007.
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Forms of the Verbs Meeting 9 Matakuliah: G0794/Bahasa Inggris Tahun: 2007
Contents Different form of verbs How verbs changed Have, be, will, would
Verbs Words that express action or emotion. Verbs can be conjugated in many tenses of past, present, and future. The six forms that verbs are conjugated into are first, second, and third person singular and plural. Some examples of verbs include: run, laugh, write, think.
Verbs Transitive verbs: Verbs which have direct objects (no prepositions are needed to connect verb and object); He sees the house. We believe you. Intransitive verbs: Verbs which do not have a direct object. This includes both intransitive verbs which take an indirect object (usually with a preposition), such as I spoke to him, and intransitive verbs which have no object at all, such as I aged slowly. Note that the same verb may be used in one context as a transitive verb (I read the green book), in another context as an intransitive verb with an indirect object (I read to my little sister), and in yet another context as an indirect verb with no object (I happily read all day).
Verbs Active voice: When the subject is represented as acting; The boy loves his mother. Passive voice: When the subject is acted upon; The mother is loved by the boy. Indicative mood: Makes a direct statement or declaration, in the form of fact; The river flows westward. The girl is very pretty. He was bad today. I will be ready tomorrow.
Verbs Imperative mood: Expresses commands, requests, permission and always has the subject in the second person (you) which is understood; Be on time. Talk to your mother. Give me the book. Subjunctive mood: Indicates doubt, supposition, uncertainty and presumes or imagines an action or state; If he were here, he would know what to do. It is necessary that you be on time.
Verbs Past tense: I cried, was crying, did cry, have cried, had cried. Present tense: I love, am loving, do love. Future tense: I will write, will have written. Auxiliary verbs: The "helper" verbs are used before infinitives (can, may, will, should, must, might) or participles (have). Have is also used in the compound tenses (you have seen, they had been.)
Verbs Participles: Present and past participles are derived from the verb and act as a verb form, adjective or noun. Present participles are formed by adding -ing to the verb, while past participles are formed by adding -ed to normal verbs. Present participles imply a continuance of action, state or being. She is reading the book. Past participles imply the completion of an action, state or being. I have loved. Participles can also act as adjectives when placed before nouns. He is a reading man.
Verbs Gerunds: Gerunds are also formed by adding -ing to the verb, but they function as a verbal noun and are normally preceded by articles or demonstratives. The singing was excellent.
Modal Verbs Modal verbs are special verbs which behave very differently from normal verbs. Here are some important differences: 1. Modal verbs do not take "-s" in the third person. Examples: –He can speak Chinese. –She should be here by 9:00.
Modal Verbs 2. You use "not" to make modal verbs negative, even in Simple Present and Simple Past. Examples: He should not be late. They might not come to the party. 3. Many modal verbs cannot be used in the past tenses or the future tenses. Examples: He will can go with us. Not Correct She musted study very hard. Not Correct
Common Modal Verbs Can Could May Might Must Ought to Shall Should Will Would