2 Objectives Understand the difference between scenes and shots. Visualize a scene in terms of framing, angles, and movement. Understand illustrating camera and character movement.
3 What Is a Scene? A combination of shots that shoes the action that takes place in one location or setting
4 What Is a Shot?A continuous view filmed from one perspective
5 Shot Descriptions Camera framing Camera angles Camera movement How close or far a subject is from the cameraCamera anglesAngling of the camera from which you view the subject. Camera movementThe movement of the camera forward, backward, left, right, up, and down
6 Camera Framing Extreme long shot Long shot Full shot Medium shot Close-up shot
7 Extreme Long Shot Establishes the location or setting Example: Western landscape
8 Long Shot Shows the location, characters, and action Example: soccer field and its players
9 Full ShotFrames the entire height of a person, with the head near the top of the frame and the feet near the bottom
10 Medium ShotFrames an individual from either the waist up, or from the knees showing the audience just enough to feel as if they are looking at the whole subject
11 Close-up ShotShows a character from the shoulders to the top of the head
13 High-angle ShotA camera placed higher than the subject (not directly overhead) and tilted downward
14 Low-angle ShotA camera placed lower than the subject and tilted upward
15 Eye-level ShotThe camera is positioned at eye-level with a character.
16 Bird’s Eye ViewThe camera is positioned directly overhead of the action
17 Canted ShotThe camera is tilted so that the subject appears to be diagonal and off-balance.
18 Tilt Shot A fixed camera that moves on it vertical axis, tilting up or down
19 Three-quarter ShotPositions the camera between a frontal angle and a profile shot.
20 Over-the-shoulder Shot Positions the camera over the shoulder of one character, revealing part of the backside of their head and shoulders in the foreground, and focuses on the character facing the camera in the background
21 Camera Movement Pan shot Crane shot Dolly shot Tracking shot Zoom Zolly shot
22 Pan ShotA fixed camera pivots on its axis turning from left to right for the purpose of following the action within a shot
23 Crane ShotA camera positioned on a crane can swoop down or up covering great distances and producing unusual camera angles.
24 Dolly ShotThe camera moves toward a subject (dolly-in) or away from a subject (dolly-out).
25 Tracking ShotThe camera tracks alongside of the object or person.
26 Zoom ShotCamera stays stationary as the focal length of a lens zooms in or out.Framing gets ‘tighter’ if the camera zooms in.Framing gets ‘looser’ if the camera zooms out.
27 Zolly ShotA dolly shot in combination with a zoom
28 SummaryA storyboard artist must understand the difference between a shot and a scene.Shots are blocked according to camera framing, angles, and movement.Camera framing is based on the distance from the subject to the character.Camera angles add dynamism to a frame and often grab the audience’s attention.