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The Film Shot using the frame.

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Presentation on theme: "The Film Shot using the frame."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Film Shot using the frame

2 The Film Shot What is the frame? What is a shot?
The single image in a motion picture 24 frames per second What is a shot? A series of frames that are uninterrupted (not edited)

3 The distance/location of the camera to the subject determines the type of shot it is.

4 Types of Film Shots Extreme long shot Long shot Full shot Medium shot
Close-up Extreme close-up

5 Extreme Long Shot Great distance away from human subjects
Usually landscape shots: i.e. showing the whole city, world, etc. People look like specks Kind of establishing shot – to indicate setting taking place


7 Long Shot About the same distance as audience to a stage
Includes full view of human figure and clear setting (environment, landscape, etc.) Kind of establishing shot – to indicate setting taking place


9 Full Shot Shot is cropped to just above head and just below feet
Allows to focus on figure while still capturing the details of the face Variation on the long shot


11 Medium Shot Shows human body from ankles or knees up
Used to show interaction between characters Also to show movement


13 Close-Up Focuses on the human face Usually from mid-torso up
Create intimacy Show emotional responses from characters Highlight object to show importance in story


15 Extreme Close-Up Variation on the close-up
Used to highlight a symbolically important object or particular body part


17 Establishing Shot A shot that sets up the story - such as the setting, character info, etc. Adds to telling the story


19 Reaction Shot A shot that shows the character’s reaction to something happening in the film.


21 Shot Reverse Shot A combination of shots that show conversation, etc. (usually three shots) Examples: conversation where you see one person in frame at a time

22 Camera Movement (distance related)
Pan: Horizontal movement, left and right. Tilt: Vertical movement of the camera angle, i.e. pointing the camera up and down (as opposed to moving the whole camera up and down). Pedestal (Ped): Moving the camera position vertically with respect to the subject. Zoom: Technically this isn't a camera move, but a change in the len’s focal length gives the illusion of moving the camera closer or further away.

23 Camera Movement Tripod: piece of equipment that holds a camera

24 Camera Movement (equipment related)
Dolly : The camera is mounted on a cart which travels along tracks for a very smooth movement. Also known as a tracking shot.

25 Camera Movement Steadicam: a device that the camera operator wears and that uses weights to keep the camera balanced (steadied!); allows free movement of the operator


27 Camera Movement Crane Shot: Camera is mounted on a crane that can move smoothly & reach high distances Handheld: Camera is held without equipment; creates actual movement

28 Camera Movement

29 Shot Length Short Take: A shot that ends quickly; creates a fast pace
Long Take: A shot that is longer, without interruption; creates more time to interact with the subject

30 People with Cameras Cinematographer: he/she is the person in charge of the camera; he/she creates the look of the shots; works closely with the director Camera Operator/Cameraman

31 Storyboard visually tells the story of an animation/film panel by panel similar in style to a comic book

32 Storyboard Your storyboard will should convey some of the following information: What charaters are in the frame, and how are they moving? What are the characters saying to each other, if anything? How much time has passed between the last frame of the storyboard and the current one? Where the "camera" is in the scene? Close or far away? Is the camera moving?

33 Storyboard


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