How seat belts help Keep passengers from being thrown from car Prevent second collision Keep passengers from sliding on seats Prevents driver from sliding off seat and losing control of car
Tips for seat belt use: Lap belt needs to be under abdomen and low across hips. Shoulder belt should be over collarbone, across chest and away from neck. Never put more than one person in one seat belt. Back seat passengers need to wear seat belts for their protection and others.
3 Seat belt law exemptions: 1. Passenger autos made before July 1, 1966. 2. Vehicles not required to be equipped with seat belts under federal law. 3. Drivers or passengers unable to wear seat belts because of a medical condition ( must have written verification by a Doctor ).
Child Restraint Law Passengers under 8 years old who weigh less than 80 lbs. = a child passenger restraint system or booster seat in the back seat of a vehicle. Never place a rear-facing infant safety seat in the front with a passenger-side air bag, unless the vehicle’s passenger-side air bag can be disabled. Drivers are responsible for ensuring all passengers under 18 years old are properly restrained. Children 12 years old and younger should ride in the back seat of any passenger vehicle.
Air Bag Information Standard equipment in all new cars Supplemental safety to seat belts Identified on dashboard: “SRS” ( supplemental restraint system) “ SIR” ( supplemental inflatable restraint) Deploy at 200 mph
CAR CONDITION THE FOLLOWING NEED TO BE IN PROPER WORKING ORDER FOR THE SAKE OF SAFETY AND THE LAW.
REVERSE LIGHTS WHITE WHITE MUST COME ON WHEN GEAR INDICATOR IS IN REVERSE. MUST COME ON WHEN GEAR INDICATOR IS IN REVERSE.
BRAKE LIGHTS RED (taillights, magnified brightness when brake is applied). RED (taillights, magnified brightness when brake is applied). MUST COME ON WHEN BRAKING! MUST COME ON WHEN BRAKING!
HEADLIGHTS ON BETWEEN ½ HOUR AFTER SUNDOWN AND ½ HOUR BEFORE SUNRISE. ON BETWEEN ½ HOUR AFTER SUNDOWN AND ½ HOUR BEFORE SUNRISE. WHENEVER YOU MUST USE YOUR WIPERS. WHENEVER YOU MUST USE YOUR WIPERS. VISIBILITY IS LESS THAN 500 FT. VISIBILITY IS LESS THAN 500 FT. LOW BEAM: 350 FT LOW BEAM: 350 FT HIGH BEAM: 500 FT HIGH BEAM: 500 FT BEAMS MUST BE USED PROPERLY BEAMS MUST BE USED PROPERLY
TAIL LIGHTS RED RED ON WHEN HEADLIGHTS ARE ON. ON WHEN HEADLIGHTS ARE ON.
TURN SIGNALS CLICKING SHOULD BE AUDIBLE CLICKING SHOULD BE AUDIBLE ON/OFF FLASHING SHOULD BE VISIBLE ON/OFF FLASHING SHOULD BE VISIBLE LEFT SIDE OF STEERING COLUMN LEFT SIDE OF STEERING COLUMN UP: RIGHT UP: RIGHT DOWN: LEFT DOWN: LEFT 100 FT. BEFORE TURNING 100 FT. BEFORE TURNING
WINDSHIELDS NO CHIPS OR CRACKS NO CHIPS OR CRACKS
WINDSHIELDS MUST BE CLEAN INSIDE/OUT MUST BE CLEAN INSIDE/OUT
WINDSHIELDS NO TINT ON FRONT OR SIDE WINDOWS (NJ law) NO TINT ON FRONT OR SIDE WINDOWS (NJ law)
WINDSHIELDS WIPERS MUST BE IN GOOD WORKING ORDER WIPERS MUST BE IN GOOD WORKING ORDER
TIRES CHECK ONCE A WEEK FOR: CHECK ONCE A WEEK FOR:TREADWEAR
TIRES DO NOT DRIVE ON TIRES WITH LESS THAN 1/16 OF AN INCH TREAD. DO NOT DRIVE ON TIRES WITH LESS THAN 1/16 OF AN INCH TREAD.
TIRES CHECK ALSO FOR BUMPS, CUTS, ETC. CHECK ALSO FOR BUMPS, CUTS, ETC.
TIRES TIRE PRESSURE TIRE PRESSURE CHECK WHEN COLD!
TIRES HOW MUCH PRESSURE? HOW MUCH PRESSURE? CHECK OWNERS MANUAL. FRONT TIRES GENERALLY REQUIRE HIGHER PRESSURE. INFO ON TIRE IS MAXIMUM RECOMMENDED PRESSURE.
BRAKES SHOULD BE SMOOTH SHOULD BE SMOOTH PULLS ONE WAY: HAVE THEM CHECKED PULLS ONE WAY: HAVE THEM CHECKED SOUNDS: HIGH PITCHED? WARNING THAT PADS ARE WEARING THIN. SOUNDS: HIGH PITCHED? WARNING THAT PADS ARE WEARING THIN. GRINDING? PADS ARE WORN THROUGH AND THE WHOLE BRAKE MUST BE REPLACED! ($600.00+) GRINDING? PADS ARE WORN THROUGH AND THE WHOLE BRAKE MUST BE REPLACED! ($600.00+)
Starting a Parked Car Pre-driving checks Circle Check – before getting in car, look all around car ( children playing, toys, animals, bottles, drip spots, car damage ) Windows clean and clear of snow or ice Adjust seat to easily reach pedals and controls Adjust inside and outside mirrors Fasten safety belt and shoulder harness Make sure car is in park or neutral, parking brake set ** More than 95% of all information needed for safe driving is visual information.
Steering – hand positions A hand over hand method is used for turning. For better control and safe steering two hands should be kept on the wheel while driving!!!
Stopping Distances Stopping Distances depend on the following factors: individual reaction time weather and road conditions vehicle weight brake conditions condition and type of tires roadway conditions speed
Proper Braking Know your car’s type of braking system (ABS or conventional drum and disc system) Apply gentle pressure to the brake pedal ABS - DO NOT pump brakes or violently jerk the steering wheel when braking Use right foot for both accelerator and brake New driver common mistake: - Violently push the brake pedal
Driver Signals Signal turns at least 100 feet before turn
Driving in reverse Turn wheel in direction you want the back end to go Driver’s head and body should turn right and look out back window for clearest view Front of car will swing opposite direction Mirrors have blind spots don’t depend on them alone Always drive slowly in reverse