3 Instruments, Controls & Devices Instrument Panel – directly in front of you pg 41gauges/warning lightsVaries from car to carSpeedometer – mph & kilometers per hourTachometer – indicate rpm’s – revolutions per minuteOdometer – indicates total number of miles drivenFuel Gauge – amount of fuel in tankMinimum ¼ tank except in winter min ½ tankTemperature Light – warns you if engine is too hotOil Gauge – warns if oil is not circulating at proper pressureDoes not tell you amount of oil in engine
4 Instruments, Controls & Devices - continued Alternator Warning Light – warns you if problems in autos electrical system – battery may be drainedBrake System Warning Light – remind you to release parking break or braking system may not be workingAntilock Braking System Light (ABS) – keeps brakes from locking – light indicates problem with systemSafety Belt System – fasten your seat beltAir Bag Warning Light – air bag system not working properlyTurn Signal IndicatorHigh Beam Indicator -
5 Vehicle Control Steering Wheel Steering Wheel Adjustment Lever Selector Lever – used to change gears (P-R-N-D) automatic transmissionGear/Shift Lever – manual transmissionIgnition –Cruise Controlallows drivers to drive at a constant speedto cancel, tap brakeParking BrakeClutch Pedal – to the left of the brakeBrake Pedal – push pedal or pull handleAccelerator PedalLock (when the ignition switch is turned to lock, the steering wheel and gear lever are locked.
6 Vehicle Controls continued Head Restraints (Padded devices on the backs of front seat/reduce whiplash)MirrorsOutside MirrorsRear View MirrorBlind SpotHornHazard Flasher – located on steering columnWarn others that you are in troubleTurn Signal Lever ( Right Up, Left Down)Windshield Wiper / Washer (use windshield washer solution)Light SwitchHood ReleaseHeating / Air ConditioningSeat Adjustment
7 Ready to Drive? Outside Checks Objects in path of tires Oil /water marksTires (make sure they are properly inflated)Direction of front wheelsClear windshield, windows, mirrors, headlights, taillightsCheck inside (unwanted passengers)
8 Ready To Drive? Inside Checks Lock all doors Adjust Seat (approx. 10” from steering wheel)Adjust head restraint (middle of back of your head)Adjust rearview mirrorAdjust side mirrorsFasten Safety Belts and ask passengers to do the same
9 Driving with Automatic Transmission Selector PositionsPark – locks the transmissionShould be in park before you start driving and you should put it in park every time you stop drivingNEVER shift into park when the vehicle is movingMost vehicles can’t remove the keys until the car is in parkReverse – used for backingAlways come to a complete stop before shifting to reverseBack Up Lights come on (White in Color)Drive – Keep pressure on the brake while shifting to driveOverdrive – D with a circle around it - most cars automatically shift to overdrive at mphDriving in overdrive saves fuel and can be used in all normal forward driving.
10 Driving with Automatic Transmission Selector Positions – continuedLow (L1 – L2 or 1 – 2)Send more power to wheels at slower speedsL1 – going up or down steep grades or pulling heavy loadsL2 – driving in snow
11 Driving with Automatic Transmission Starting The VehicleMake sure the parking brake is setMake sure you are in parkIf the engine has stalled – you may start it in NeutralFuel Injection Cars – keep foot off the acceleratorTurn the ignition on – Release when you hear engine startCheck Gauges, Warning Lights, Fuel SupplyIf you are unsure about whether or not the vehicle has started, press the accelerator once lightly.
12 Driving with Automatic Transmission Hand PositionBALANCED9 & 38 &4Keep knuckles out some say thumbs outSteering PointsDon’t aim right in front of you – Pick a target that is farDon’t use road lines
13 Driving with Automatic Transmission Moving (parked against right curb)Foot on brakeShift to DriveRelease Parking BrakeCheck traffic ahead, rearview mirrorPut on left turn signalCheck ahead, mirrors, blind spotRelease pressure on brake pedal and gently accelerateCheck Blind Spot againAdjust speed to match flow of trafficRest heel on the floor and pivot from brake to acceleratorALWAYS come to a full stop before changing gears
14 Driving with Automatic Transmission StoppingCheck traffic before slowingEase up on the acceleratorTap on brake lightly (signals intention to stop)Gradually, press on brakeEase up just before stoppingSecuring The VehicleShift to parkSet parking brakeTurn off ignition – remove keys – release brakeLock doors
15 Driving with Manual Transmission Must learn to coordinate using the clutch with the accelerator and gear selectorKey: Engage the clutch smoothly and control the friction pointFriction Point – Where you feel the engine take hold and car starts to moveMost 4 or 5 speedReverse – either upper left or far upper or lower right or left
16 Driving with Manual Transmission Guidelines: Read owners manual4th-5th gear – for speeds over / highway drivingNeutral – standing still or starting the engine1st gear – start vehicle – mph2nd gear – mph3rd gear – mphShifting from a higher gear to a lower gear is known as “Downshifting.”
17 Driving with Manual Transmission Using the ClutchAlways push the clutch to the floor before starting or before coming to a stopDo not get in the habit of “Ridding the Clutch”Happens when you rest your foot on clutch while driving.Wears down the clutchStartingParking brake onClutch to the floorGear selection in Neutral