Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3 Basic Vehicle Control"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 3 Basic Vehicle Control Driver’s EducationChapter 3Basic Vehicle Control
2 Instrument PanelSpeedometer – This tells you that speed that you are traveling in both miles per hour and kilometers per hourTachometer – This indicates the engine revolutions per minute. Engine damage can occur if needle enters the redOdometer – indicates the total number of miles that a vehicle has been driven.Trip Odometer – will indicate the number of miles for a certain period of time and can be set back to zero
3 Instrument PanelFuel Gauge – Shows the amount of fuel in the tank, if tank gets below ¼ full you run the risk of running outTemperature Gauge/Light – warns you when the coolant in the engine is too hotOil Pressure Gauge/Light – warns you when the oil is not circulating at the proper pressureAlternator Warning Light/Gauge – warns that the battery is not being charged and is using stored electricity
4 Instrument PanelBrake System Warning Light – reminds you to release the parking brake and warns is the braking system is not working properlyAntilock Braking System Light – tells you the ABS is working properlySafety Belt Light – This reminds you to fasten your safety belt before movingAir Bag Warning Light – tells you if the airbags are working properly
5 Instrument PanelTurn-Signal Indicators – These tell you the direction that you have signaled to turnHigh-Beam Indicator – this is a light that glows when the high-beam headlights are on
7 Vehicle ControlsSteering Wheel – this controls the direction of the front wheels.The steering wheel adjustment lever can mover the steering wheel for better driving comfortSelector Lever – in a automatic transmission vehicle, this is moved to choose forward or reverse gearsThis is located on the steering column or on the center console
8 Vehicle ControlsIgnition and Starter Switch – the engine is started by putting the key in the ignition and turning the key to the start positionCruise Control – is a device that lets you maintain your desired speed without keeping your foot on the accelerator
10 Vehicle ControlsParking Brake – This keeps the vehicle in place when it is parked. It is located either on the far left of the pedals or on the center consoleClutch Pedal – in a stickshift, pushing this down allows to shift gears. Located to the left of the brake pedalFoot-Brake-Pedal – pushing this slows or stops the vehicleAccelerator Pedal – this is located to the right of the brake pedal. Pushing this will increase the speed of the vehicle.
11 Devices for SafetySafety Belts – always wear belt when the vehicle is in motionHead Restraints – padded device on the back of from seats to prevent whiplash injuriesHorn – normally located on the steering wheel.
12 Devices for Safety Mirrors Inside mirror – shows directly behind the vehicleOutside mirrors – show to the right and left behind the vehicleEven with properly adjusted mirrors there will still be blind spots
13 Getting Ready to DriveOutside Checks – walk around vehicle and look forOil marksTires are inflatedWheels are pointed straightWindshield, headlights, and taillights are clear
14 Getting Ready to Drive Inside Checks Adjust seat for best comfort and foot control10 inches away from steering wheelHand and legs slightly bend when on steering wheels and pedalsAdjust head restraints and mirrorsFasten safety belt
15 Automatic Transmission Shift Indicator – shows gear position on steering column or on the instrument panelPark (P) – This position locks the transmission. You should shift into park every time you stop the vehicleReverse (R) – This position is for doing backwards. Always come to a complete stop before shifting into reverse. Reverse lights should come on when in reverse.Neutral (N) – This Position allows the wheels to roll without engine power. If you stall when driving, use neutral to restart car.
16 Automatic Transmission Drive (D) – This position is for moving forward. Keep foot on brake when shifting into drive.Low (L1, L2) – These positions allow the engine to send more power to the wheels at lower speeds
17 Steering the Vehicle Have a comfortable and balances driving position Hands at 9 and 3Pick aiming point and drive to itMake constant correctionsLook for hazards ahead
18 Putting the Vehicle in Motion Press firmly on the brakeShift the vehicle into driveTurn on left turn signalCheck for traffic in the rearview mirrorsLook over left shoulder for trafficWhen the roadway is clear, release the brake and gently press on the accelerator moving away from the side of the roadCancel your signalReach your desired speed and let up on the accelerator
19 Stopping the Vehicle Check traffic in mirrors Let off the accelerator Gently press on the brake pedalGradually press on brake until vehicle is stopped. Ease up just before stoppingKeep foot on brake if vehicle is still in drive
20 Driving a Manual Transmission Always make sure you set the parking brake with a manual transmission vehicle.You must learn how to to coordinate using the clutch with the accelerator and gear shift leverFriction Point – this is where you feel the engine take hold and start to move the vehicleMost manual transmission vehicles have 4 or 5 gears. The lower gears are for slower driving. The higher gears are for expressway driving and are fuel saver gears.Downshifting – is shifting from a higher gear to a lower gear.
21 Driving a Manual Transmission Neutral (N) – used when standing still and startingFirst gear – used for starting the vehicle in motionSecond – Fourth – shift through as speed increasesFifth/Sixth gear – are overdrive expressway gearsReverse – used for backing. Never shift to reverse when vehicle is moving
22 Using a ClutchAlways press pedal to the floor before starting the engine, before shifting, and before coming to a stop.Riding the Clutch - this means resting for foot on the clutch while driving.This cause clutch wear and can lead to expensive repairs.