Presentation on theme: "New Jersey’s Seat Belt Law"— Presentation transcript:
1 New Jersey’s Seat Belt Law All passengers must wear their seatbelts.The driver is responsible for all passengers under 18 years of age.Passengers 18 years of age and over are responsible for themselves.Non-compliance is a primary offense. A police officer can stop a motorist solely for a violation of the seat belt lawNot wearing seatbelt in back seat is a secondary offense.
2 Seat Belt UseHow do seat belts help us in a collision and while driving?Stop us from being thrown from vehicle in a collisionKeeps us from sliding when going through sharp curves or bendsSlows body down in a crashWearing a Seatbelt Properly:Buckle up with both lap and shoulder belts on every tripWear the lap belt under the abdomen and low across the hips. The shoulder portion should come over the collarbone, away from the neck, and cross over the breastbone.Chances of surviving a crash increase 60%
3 Child Restraint Devices It is preferred that whenever possible, child car safety seats be placed in the backseat.New Jersey Child Passenger Law:Children up to age eight or a weight of 80 pounds must ride in a federally approved safety or booster seat.Children under age eight and over 80 pounds must be in a rear seat and use a seat belt.
4 Starting ChecklistA motorist should always check the condition of the vehicle before driving it.Areas to Check:WindshieldsBrake LightsHeadlightsTiresTurn SignalsBlind SpotsThe seat must be adjusted so a motorist can reach all pedals and controls easily. (For most motorists, the seat may be adjusted so he/she is sitting an arm’s length from steering wheel.)Adjust Mirrors (Inside and Out)Put on Seatbelts (Make sure passengers do as well)Make sure vehicle is in park or neutral before starting the car.You are responsible for removing any snow or ice before you drive
5 Blind SpotsThese are areas where a motorist cannot see behind his/her vehicle (on both sides) through the mirrorCheck these areas byturning and looking overshoulderHow to check mirrors while driving:When on the road, a motorist can check the vehicle’s mirrors by letting a vehicle pass on the left. When vehicle disappears from the inside rearview mirror, a motorist should be able to see its front bumper in the outside rearview mirror.
6 Steering and Hand Position Grip outside of steering wheel9 & 3 o’clockHand over Hand SteeringBring right hand to top of steering wheelPull down ¼ turn to the left releasing your left handCross left hand over right and grasp top of wheelPull down with your left hand ¼ turn and release right hand.
7 The faster a vehicle is going, the longer it will take it to stop. Stopping DistancesStopping Distances On Dry Surfaces For PassengersStopping distance depends on:Motorist reaction timeWeather and road conditionsVehicle weightBrake conditionsCondition and type of tiresRoadway conditionsSpeedThe faster a vehicle is going, the longer it will take it to stop.
8 Stopping Distance for Dry Surfaces SpeedReaction distanceBraking distanceTotal distance10 mph11 ft8 ft19 ft20 mph22 ft31 ft53 ft30 mph33 ft69 ft102 ft40 mph44 ft123 ft167 ft50 mph55 ft192 ft247 ft60 mph66 ft277 ft343 ft70 mph77 ft379 ft453 ftFor every 10 mph a vehicle is traveling it takes 11 feet to react
10 TurningState law requires a motorist signal at least 100 feet before making any turnBefore turning, a motorist should always:Check mirrors to look behind and to both sides for other vehicles and less visible vehicles, such as motorcycles, bicycles and mopeds to see if it is safeSignal first (use turn signals or hand signals) and then move into the proper lane.Slow down before reaching an intersectionKeep a steady speed and follow pavement markingsAlways stay in the same lane until the turn is finishedMake sure turn signal is turned off after the turn is completedTake a break and show turning overheads
11 DO NOT TURN FORWARD UNTIL VEHICLE HAS COME TO COMPLETE STOP Driving in ReverseStraight Line BackHead and body should be turned to the right until you can see clearly through the back windowThe motorist’s right hand and arm should be placed over the back of the front passenger seat; the left hand should grasp the top of the steering wheel (12 o’clock)DO NOT TURN FORWARD UNTIL VEHICLE HAS COME TO COMPLETE STOPMust be able to drive in reversefor 100 ft. during road test
12 Driving in Reverse Cont…. Turning Vehicle in ReverseTwo hands must be on the steering wheel (Same as forward driving position)Always remember that the front of the vehicle will swing in the opposite direction of a turn
13 Always turn wheels RIGHT… Unless parking Uphill with a curb Parking on HillsAlways turn wheels RIGHT… Unless parking Uphill with a curb
14 Parallel ParkingFind a parking space that is large enough to fit the vehicle and signal to the right to alert motorists that the vehicle will back up to the right.Pull up alongside about two feet from the vehicle in front.Turn and check to see that the way is clear behind the vehicle before backing up.Begin backing up slowly for about two feet and turn the steering wheel all the way to the right.When the front of the vehicle has cleared the rear bumper of the vehicle in front, stop and check the angle.Turn the steering wheel all the way to the left while beginning to back up slowly. Make sure the vehicle can clear its back bumper.When the vehicle is in line, stop.Turn the vehicle’s wheels straight, center vehicle in space.The vehicle’s tires should be no more than six inches from the curb
15 K-Turn / 3 Pt. Turn Start from the right edge of the road Check traffic, signal left and move forward slowly while turning steering wheel to the leftCheck traffic, signal right and back slowly while turning the steering wheel to the right. Stop several inches from the right curb or street edgeCheck traffic, move vehicle forward, signal left, while turning the steering wheel to the leftStraighten the vehicle’s wheels as it faces in the direction you want to go.