Presentation on theme: "Driver Responsibility"— Presentation transcript:
1 Driver Responsibility Buckle Up- NJ’s Seat Belt LawCar SeatsChild Restraint LawAir BagsCar ConditionStarting a Parked CarSteeringStopping DistancesProper BrakingDriving SignalsDriving in ReverseTurningParking
2 Buckle Up- NJ’s Seat Belt Law The driver and all passengers MUST wear a seatbelt.Primary offense: driver, front seat passenger & children under age 18Driver is responsible for all passengers under 18ExemptionsVehicle manufactured before July 1, 1966Federal law vehicleMedical reasonVerified by licensed physician
3 Seat BeltsSave lives and improve a motorist’s chance of surviving a crash by 60%Chances of surviving a collision are three – four times better.Tips for seat belt useSeat belt test
4 Car SeatsAll child restraint systems built since Jan. 1, 1981 must be designed to pass tough safety tests.Infant car seat:protect a baby up to 20 pounds & 26 inchesFacing rearConvertible car seat:Larger seat;Infant/ toddler up to 40 pounds & 40 inches; placed in vehicle facing backwards for a baby
5 Special Note…It is preferred that whenever possible, child car safety seats be placed in the backseat. However, if there is no backseat in the vehicle, move the front seat as far back as possible.NEVER place rear- facing infant safety seats in the front row of a vehicle with a front passenger- side air bag.
6 Child Restraint LawChildren up to age 8/ 80 pounds MUST ride in federally approved safety/ booster seat in rear seat of vehicle.Children under age 8/over 80 pounds MUST be in rear seat & use a seat belt$54.00 fine
7 Car Condition Responsibility of all vehicle owners Backup lights Brake LightsHeadlightsHornSteeringShould always hold a straight courseShould not vibrate (shimmy)BrakesConventional disc & drum brakesPump gently after driving through water to test & dry outAntilock braking system (ABS)Tested by applying steady pressure to brake pedal. NEVER pump or jerk steering wheel when braking
8 Starting a Parked Car Look behind, and in front Checklist: Windows: clean & clearAdjust seat: arms lengthInside/outside rearview mirrorsSeat belts- fastenedVehicle should be parked; emergency brake setDoors locked
9 Starting a Parked Car Good posture Eye checkup- every 2 years After starting the engineTurning & looking back; do not only depend on rearview mirrorsBlind spots
10 Car Condition Tires Turn signals Windshield Snow & Ice Tire pressure should be checked oftenNever should be driven= less than 1/16 in. of thread (dime)Turn signalsWindshieldNJ laws prohibit add- on tinting on windshields and front side windowsSnow & IceMust remove snow/ ice before driving$25-$75 fine
11 Idling Your Vehicle Engine is running, car isn’t moving. Restrict vehicle idling to 3 minutes/ less.UnnecessaryHarmful to vehicle & yourselffines: $250-$1,000Idling stinks, and it’s against the law- turn the key and be idle free!
12 Steering Hand position9 & 3 o’clock position. Less chance of hand, wrist or arm injury if air bag is deployed.Never turn the wheel while gripping it from the inside of the rim.Steering wheel should be held firmly- not too tight.Keep vehicle in center of the laneTwo lane road- keep to the rightABS- NEVER jerk the wheel while braking!
15 Stopping Distances Depends on: Reaction time Weather & visibility conditionsVehicle weightBrake conditionsCondition and type of tiresRoadway conditionsSpeedThe faster a vehicle is going the longer it will take to stop
16 Stopping Distances on Dry Surfaces for Passenger Vehicles:
17 Proper Braking Type of brake system Conventional drum & disc systemABSDo not pump brakes violently/ jerk the wheelOut of controlSteady, gentle pressure should be applied to bring a vehicle to a controlled stopShould use right foot for both the brake & gas pedalManual transmission- left foot for clutch
18 Driving Signals Always give proper signal: 100 feet Hand signals: TurningChanging lanesStopping/ slowing down100 feetHand signals:Stopping/ slowing down: hand & arm downward, palm facing rearRight turn: hand and arm upwardLeft turn: hand and arm straight outAnother signal= the horn (200 feet)
20 Driving in Reverse Make sure path is clear: Mirrors & turning to check.Turning the wheel to the right will direct the vehicle to the right.Steering the wheel to the left will direct the vehicle to the left.Reverse in a straight lineHead & body should be turned to the right.Right hand and arm should be placed over the back of the front passenger seatLeft hand grasp the top of the steering wheel2-4 mphDo not turn forward until vehicle is stopped
21 Driving in Reverse (cont.) Other than reversing in a straight line, two hands must be on the wheel.Front of vehicle will swing in opposite direction of a turn.
22 TurningMotorist should decide well in advance where he/ she wants to turn (100 ft).The faster the traffic is moving, the sooner the motorist should plan his/her turn.If a turn is missed- NEVER back up.
23 Before turning, a motorist should always: Use mirrors to look behind & to both sides for other vehicles or people.Check for less visible vehicles:MotorcyclesBicyclesMopedsSignal first:Turn signalsHand signalsSlow down before reaching an intersection.Keep a steady speed & follow pavement markings.Always stay in the same lane until the turn is finished.Make sure signal is turned off after the turn is completed.
24 The 3-point Turn (K turn) When turning a vehicle around, motorist should start from the right edge of the road.Choose a safe spot; good visibilitySignal left; move forward slowly turning the steering wheel to the leftSignal right & back slowly while turning the steering wheel to the rightNext, move vehicle forward, signaling left, turning the steering wheel to the left.Finally- straighten the vehicles wheels
26 Parking Always set the hand brake When parking a vehicle facing downhill:Hand brake should be setVehicles wheels should be turned toward the curbWhen parking a vehicle facing uphill:Vehicles wheels should be turned away from the curb
27 Angle Parking Parking lots Curbs Entering an angle parking space: Watch for trafficSignal & begin to slow downMake sure rear of vehicle will clear parked carsSteer sharply into parking space & straighten wheels; centering the vehicleShift to park; apply parking brake
28 Angle ParkingA motorist should follow these rules when backing out of an angle parking space:Walk around; make sure nothing is in vehicle’s waySlowly move vehicle in reverseTap horn to warn pedestriansLook back & to each side for other motoristsFront of vehicle swings opposite to the direction of the turnBack up slowly- left front wheel passes rear bumper of vehicle parked on leftStraighten the wheels
29 Parallel Parking Most common on city streets A motorist should: Find a parking spot large enough to fit vehicleSignal for a stop and to the rightPull up alongside vehicle in front2-4 feetTurn & check to see that the way is clearTurn his/ her body- look out rear window; turn steering wheel all the way to the rightWhen front of vehicle has cleared the rear bumper of vehicle in front- stop & check the angleMake sure back right wheel has not hit the curbTurn steering wheel all the way to the left- back up slowlyTurn vehicle’s wheels straight & drive to the center of the parking spaceVehicle’s tires should be no more than 6 inches from the curb
30 Parallel Parking Signal Stop & put RIGHT signal on Reverse: Turn steering wheel all the way to the RIGHTStop & Check; Reverse; Turn steering wheel all the way to the LEFTStraighten out vehicle; 6 inches