Presentation on theme: " China was desirable to other nations (Russia, Germany, Britain, France, and Japan) Huge population A lot of markets – important for trade The."— Presentation transcript:
China was desirable to other nations (Russia, Germany, Britain, France, and Japan) Huge population A lot of markets – important for trade The nations were seeking spheres of influence Areas of economic & political control The U.S. Did Not Stop After the War
John Hay, McKinley’s Sec. of State wanted other nations to keep an open door to China Open Door Policy – U.S. would have equal access to China’s millions of consumers / all nations could trade freely in China The U.S. Did Not Stop After the War
What is going on in these pictures? Who do you see?
While nations were debating on which territories to control within China, secret Chinese societies (Righteous & Harmonious Fists) were organizing to get rid of the foreign presence Members of the secret societies were “Boxers” Boxers would rise up to take out the “foreign devils” Result: destruction of foreign embassies in Beijing, killing 200+ foreigners Boxer Rebellion
Tensions were high between U.S. & Japan Fought for influence in Asia Agreed to respect each other’s territorial possessions TR sent part of the U.S. Navy on a cruise around the world (Great White Fleet) Designed to demonstrate the nation’s impressive naval power this did not improve relations Great White Fleet
1901: McKinley was assassinated Who becomes President? Roosevelt tries to purchase rights to build canal across Panama (owned by Columbia at the time) but gets nowhere A revolt in Panama led to Panamanian Independence Panama Canal
What’s Up With That? Why would the U.S. want to set up a canal that runs between Central & South America? Hint: LOOK AT THE PICTURE
Let’s think about the Platt Amendment What did it say? November 6, 1903 U.S. recognized Panama’s independence 2 weeks later, John Hay signed a treaty with Cuba Gave U.S. a 10 mile strip of land across the country TR’s actions in Panama horrified many Latin Americans & angered Congress “I took the canal zone and let Congress debate…and while the debate goes on, the canal does also.” - TR Building the Canal
Compare & Contrast the Platt Amendment & the Building of the Panama Canal
Canal was completed in 1914 Same year as what? TR’s opponents did not like his methods of conquest but the average American approved After the Canal was Built The Canal today
“Big Stick” diplomacy The U.S. intervenes in LA affairs when necessary Maintain stability in Western Hemisphere 1905 – Dominican Republic had fallen behind in payments to European nations TR sent American marines to collect money that was owed After TR, Taft’s policy of intervention became known as dollar diplomacy Use country’s wallet, rather than military muscle, to maintain peace Roosevelt Corollary
The United States used the Monroe Doctrine to warn Great Britain and other European powers not to intervene in Latin America. What was the purpose of the Roosevelt Corollary? What’s Up With That?