2 ConcessionA concession is a grant for a piece of land in exchange for a promise to use the land for a specific purpose.Americans needed a shorter route between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. A French company had bought a 25-year concession from Colombia to build a canal across Panama Defeated by yellow fever and mismanagement, the company abandoned the project and offered its remaining rights to the United States for $100 million.
3 How did the United States secure the rights to build the Panama Canal? It secretly encouraged a revolution in Panama and sent military forces to protect itIn return, the new nation of Panama gave the U.S. a 10 mile wide strip of land to build the canal
4 Roosevelt CorollaryThe Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine — The United States will act as “an international police power” in the Western Hemisphere and intervene to prevent intervention by other powers.
5 Why did Roosevelt issue the Roosevelt Corollary? It would allow U.S. intervention if Latin American countries took actions harmful to the U.S. or if their governments collapsed, inviting intervention from stronger (possibly European) nations
6 How did people in Latin America and the U. S How did people in Latin America and the U.S. react to the Roosevelt Corollary?Latin Americans were angeredThe U.S. Congress was displeasedThe Roosevelt Corollary strengthened Roosevelt’s powers, but weakened those of Congress
7 Dollar DiplomacyPresident Taft believed in maintaining influence through American investments, not military might.This policy was called dollar diplomacy.
8 Why did Taft’s Dollar Diplomacy and Wilson’s actions in Mexico anger many Latin Americans? In Latin America, increased American investment in the economy angered local revolutionaries that opposed American influenceWilson’s moral stance during his direct intervention in Mexican affairs dictated how the civil war would go, angering many Mexicans.
9 Big Stick Diplomacy Used by Theodore Roosevelt Using the military to conduct an aggressive foreign policyUsed in: Panama/Colombia, The Dominican Republic
10 Dollar Diplomacy Used by President Taft Maintaining influence through American investments, not military might.China, Manchuria, Russia, Japan, The Caribbean, Central America
11 Moral/Missionary Diplomacy Used by President WilsonThe U.S. should spread democracy and capitalism to other nations in the hemisphere and protect them from foreign threatsMexico, Haiti, Dominican Republic