Presentation on theme: "Your Task: Create a Dialogue You and your partner will create a dialogue between you One of you will be Theodore Roosevelt and the other will be someone."— Presentation transcript:
Your Task: Create a Dialogue You and your partner will create a dialogue between you One of you will be Theodore Roosevelt and the other will be someone opposed to him. You will create a sentence or two about each topic listed on the paper.
What Should the Role of the US in Foreign Policy? Do we: Allow countries to be on their own even if they might become enemies? Help them if they haven’t asked us to? Establish control over countries to ensure US safety
Foreign Policy of Theodore Roosevelt Speak Softly and Carry a Big Stick
Roosevelt Corollary Monroe Doctrine (1828) - US closes Latin America to new European colonies Roosevelt Corollary (1905) - US to serve as police in Latin America and intervene as necessary Anarchy Protection - TR thought US should get involved any time there is lawlessness in Western Hemisphere to aid the country and protect the US
The Panama Canal Both the United States and Europe wanted to build a canal across Central America This would save time and be less dangerous than going around Cape Horn in Chile Isthmus of Panama - the area known as Panama is 50 miles mile and was owned by Columbia
French Failure 1879 - the French buy land in Panama to build a canal Quickly run out of money and desire Many men die to tropical disease French sell the rights to the land to the US in 1901 for $40 million Columbia tells US they are not allowed to dig the canal
TR takes Action TR really wants a canal and isn’t bothered by the fact that Columbia won’t allow him to build it. TR supports a revolution by Panama to overthrow Columbia. US sends ships, men, and support. Panama is free - One day revolt ends with Panama’s independence
Lets Make a Deal US recognizes Panama as a country on 11/6/1903 US and Panama cut a deal - US leases land for 99 years for $10 million and $250,000 annually (Turned down by Columbia) US begins construction of a huge ditch through the country of Panama
Construction Used France’s unfinished canal to start Locks built to go over mountains 51 miles long $375 million + $300 million of French
“I took the canal zone and let Congress debate, and while the debate goes on, the canal construction does also.” Theodore Roosevelt after being asked about how he feels that Congress does not support his decision to take the Canal Zone.
Benefits of the Panama Canal Shorter Distance - former route was 12,600 miles. Now 4,900 miles Security - US Navy can get places quicker so it helps with protection of US and imperialism Information - US controls who travels through the canal Power - Sends a message of power and action of US to the world
TR as the Top Cop of Western Hemisphere 1903 - Panama Canal 1905 - Takes over Dominican Republic’s finances after a revolution until they became stable 1906 - US sends troops to Cuba to halt a revolution (remember that we controlled Cuba with the Platt Amendment)
Taft’s Dollar Diplomacy Taft thought TR was acting too boldly and using the military too often Strives to assert US power through money, not guns US invests in countries and businesses that would help American interests