1897-1901 William McKinley 1898 - U.S. Declared war on Spain - Congress approves annexation of Hawaii 1899- U.S. divides the Samoan Islands with Germany - Sec of State John Hay wrote notes to ensure an Open Door Policy in regards to China
1901-1909 Theodore Roosevelt 1901 – “Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far” big stick = US Navy 1903 - U.S. gains control over the Panama Canal zone for $10 million 1904 – TR issues the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine making the US “an international peace power” in Latin America 1905 – Roosevelt mediated a peace agreement to the Russo-Japanese War TR’s boldness and constant activity helped create the modern image of the President.
1909-1913 William H. Taft Taft’s foreign policy goals were to maintain the Open Door in Asia and preserve stability in Latin America. Taft placed much less emphasis on military force and more on helping Latin America industry. He believed this plan would benefit all involved. (American business would profit and Latin America and Asia would rise out of poverty and social disorder. His critics called it Dollar Diplomacy – He called it “substituting dollars for bullets”
1913-1921 Woodrow Wilson 1914 – Mexican Revolution 1914-1918 > WWI A LOT of information to come