2 ObjectivesExplain why a plan was needed for Reconstruction of the South.Compare the Reconstruction plans of Lincoln, Johnson, and Congress.Discuss Johnson’s political difficulties and impeachment.2
3 The Southern Ruins homes were burned businesses closed properties abandonedfreed African Americans lacked full citizenship and the means to make a livingRichmond, Virginia3
4 to help the South rejoin the Union to rebuild the South’s economyto protect freed African AmericansA plan of Reconstruction for the South was formed.4
5 ModeratesModerates- Moderate republicans wanted to keep Confederates out of the Gov’t.Favored giving some African-Americans the right to vote.
6 RadicalsRadical Republicans wanted to give all African-Americans the right to vote.
7 Land Reform Land reform was the key to changing southern society. Plantations must be broken up and distributed to freedmen.
8 Land reform never won wide support. Some believed freedmen could be successful if given civil equality (no Black Codes).
9 They did not have full citizenship. They could not vote. African Americans were freed from slavery, but their rights were not guaranteed.They did not have full citizenship.They could not vote.They did not have access to education.9
10 Lincoln’s Ten Percent Plan Lincoln and the Radical Republicans in Congress were at odds in their proposals to rebuild the South.Lincoln’s Ten Percent PlanWade-Davis Bill10 percent of state’s voters needed to take a loyalty oatha state’s new constitution must have abolished slaveryrequired a majority of state’s prewar voters to swear loyalty to the Unionrequired guarantees of African American equalityvetoed by Congresspassed by Congress, pocket vetoed by Lincoln10
11 Freedmen’s BureauViolence against African-Americans in the south united republicans.The Freedmen’s Bureau was established to help homeless and hungry former slaves.
13 The Freedmen’s Bureau set up schools, hospitals, and helped freedmen find jobs. The Bureau was supposed to expire after 1 year, but the violence extended the life of the agency.
14 Johnson vetoed a bill to extend the life of the Freedmen’s Bureau.
15 President Andrew Johnson’s Reconstruction He pardoned any Confederate who swore allegiance to the Union and the Constitution.Each Southern state needed to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment.15
16 By December 1865, most southern states had met Johnson’s requirements for readmission to the Union. During the required state conventions, however, southern states tried to rebuild their prewar world.All southern states instituted black codes.Many states specifically limited the vote to white men.Some states sent Confederate officials to Congress.16
17 the Fourteenth Amendment. The South’s disregard of Reconstruction efforts angered moderates and Radical Republicans.In response, Congress passed new legislation over President Johnson’s veto. The legislation includedthe Civil Rights Act of 1866.the Fourteenth Amendment.the division of the South into five military districts.17
18 Civil Rights Act of 1866 The first civil rights act in the country. The act declared everyone born in the US was a citizen, but it did not guarantee voting rights.
20 14th AmendmentThe republican controlled Congress wrote the provisions of the Act into the 14th Amendment.The act gave equal citizenship to all people born in the US.
21 President Johnson continued to veto and work against congressional legislation. Eventually, the House voted to impeach Johnson.Johnson’s opponents failed by one Senate vote to remove him from office.21
22 Election of 1868 Republicans nominated war hero Ulysses S. Grant. Democrats nominated NY governor Horatio SeymourGrant won in a close race.
23 15th AmendmentThis amendment gave African-Americans the right to vote.Still no vote for women.