4 After the Confederacy surrendered to end the Civil War, the U. S After the Confederacy surrendered to end the Civil War, the U.S. government faced the question of how to deal with the defeated southern states. Those states not only needed to be rebuilt due to the devastation of the war but they had to be re-admitted back into the Union. This period in American history is known as…RECONSTRUCTIONRichmond, Virginia
5 Plans of Reconstruction There were four different plans for Reconstruction:Lincoln’s Ten Percent PlanWade - Davis BillAndrew Johnson’s PlanReconstruction Act
6 Ten Percent Plan (1863) Proposed by: President Abraham LincolnConditions for former Confederate states to rejoin the Union:Ten percent of voters must swear loyalty to the Union.Must abolish slavery.
7 Lincoln’s plan made it easy for the nation to be united again Lincoln’s plan made it easy for the nation to be united again. Lincoln, however, could not see his plan through.On April 14, 1865 President Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth while attending a play with his wife.
8 Republicans in Congress Wade - Davis Bill (1864)Proposed by:Republicans in CongressConditions for former Confederate states to rejoin Union:Majority of white men must swear loyalty.Former Confederate volunteers cannot vote or hold office.U.S. SenatorHenry W. Davis
9 Andrew Johnson’s Plan (1865) Proposed by:Andrew JohnsonConditions for former Confederate states to rejoin Union:Majority of white men must swear loyalty.Must ratify Thirteenth Amendment.Former Confederate officials may vote and hold office.
10 Reconstruction Act (1867) Proposed by: Radical Republicans Conditions for former Confederate states to rejoin Union:Must disband state governments.Must write new constitutions.Must ratify the Fourteenth Amendment.African Americans must be allowed to vote.
11 Amendments and Laws to help Freed Slaves Thirteenth AmendmentFourteenth AmendmentFifteenth AmendmentFreedmen’s Bureau
13 Fourteenth AmendmentGranted citizenship to all persons born in the United States. This gave most African Americans citizenship.Guaranteed equal protection of the laws.Declared that no state could “deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.
14 Fifteenth AmendmentForbade any state to deny African Americans the right to vote because of their race.
15 Freedmen's Bureau Gave food and clothing to former slaves. Tried to find jobs for freedmen.Helped poor whites as well.Provided medical care for over 1 million people.
24 Voting restrictions for African Americans Poll Taxes: required voters to pay a fee each time they voted…Freedmen could rarely afford to vote.Literacy Tests: required voters to read in order to vote.Freedmen had little education.Grandfather Clauses: If voters father or grandfather had been eligible to vote in 1867 the voter did not have to take the literacy test.This increased the number of eligible white voters.