Presentation on theme: "SS7CG4a Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, and federal. Concept: Governance."— Presentation transcript:
1 SS7CG4a Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, and federal. Concept:Governance
2 Vocabulary Words To Know UnitaryConfederationFederal
3 UNITARYcharacterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is held by one central authority.
4 CONFEDERATIONvoluntary associations of independent states that, to secure some common purpose, agree to certain limitations on their freedom of action and establish some joint machinery of consultation or deliberation.
5 FEDERALcharacterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is divided between one central and several regional authorities.
6 Below are distribution of power examples SSCG4aBelow are distribution of power examplesSaudi Arabia United Nations United StatesForm of government where one central group holds ALL the power.Group of independent states that have a common interest or purpose that SHARES the power.Form of government where power is DIVIDED between one central group and several regional groups.UNITARYCONFEDERATIONFEDERALDISTRIBUTION OF POWER
7 SS7CG4b Explain how governments determine citizen participation: autocratic, oligarchic, and democratic.Concept:Governance
8 Vocabulary Words To Know AutocraticOligarchicDemocratic
9 AUTOCRATICgovernment in which one person possesses unlimited power and the citizen has little if any role in the government. (like a dictatorship or even a monarchy)
10 OLIGARCHICgovernment by the few, sometimes a government in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes. The citizen has a very limited role.
11 DEMOCRATICa government in which the supreme power is vested in the people an exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections.
12 CITIZEN PARTICIPATION SSCG4bBelow are citizen participation examplesAUTOCRATICOLIGARCHICDEMOCRATICGovernment where one person has unlimited power and the citizen has little if any role or rights.Government where a small group of people who have all the power and the citizen has a very limited role.Government where the citizens have all the power either directly or indirectly through free elections.Former Iraq Former Taliban Israeland Saudi Arabia Regime in AfghanistanCITIZEN PARTICIPATION
13 SS7CG4c Describe the two predominant forms of democratic governments: parliamentary and presidential.Concept:Governance
14 Vocabulary Words To Know ParliamentaryPresidential
15 PARLIAMENTARYa democracy having a parliament, a system of government having the real executive power vested in a cabinet composed of members of the legislature who are individually and collectively responsible to the legislature. May have a Prime Minister elected by the legislature.
16 PRESIDENTIALa system of government in which the president is constitutionally independent of the legislature.
17 DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENTS SSCG4cBelow are democratic government examplesPARLIAMENTARYA cabinet (group of people) or Prime Minister elected by the legislature and not the citizens. Legislative branch that makes the laws have a large share of the power.PRESIDENTIALThe President is elected by the citizens and is part of the executive branch, not the legislative branch.ISRAEL IRANDEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENTS
18 SS7CG5a Compare the parliamentary democracy of the State of Israel, the monarchy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and the theocracy of the Islamic Republic of Iran, distinguishing the form of leadership and the role of the citizen in terms of voting rights and personal freedoms.Concept:Governance
19 Vocabulary Words To Know DemocracyMonarchyTheocracy
20 DEMOCRACYa government in which the supreme power is vested in the people an exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections.
21 MONARCHYa form of government in which supreme authority is held by a single hereditary ruler, such as a king
22 THEOCRACYis a form of government in which a god or deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler. In a pure theocracy, the civil leader is believed to have a direct personal connection with God. Currently is the type of government in the nation of Iran.
23 COUNTRYTYPE OF GOVERNMENTFORM OFLEADERSHIPVOTINGRIGHTSPERSONAL FREEDOMSSTATEOFISRAELKINGDOMSAUDI ARABIAISLAMICREPUBLICIRAN
24 How does the prime minister become the leader? COUNTRYTYPE OF GOVERNMENTFORM OFLEADERSHIPVOTINGRIGHTSPERSONAL FREEDOMSSTATEOFISRAELPARLIAMENTARYDEMOCRACYPRIME MINISTER (head of state)How does the prime minister become the leader?Prime Minister is selected (chosen) by the legislative branch, which in Israel is the Knesset (kind of like our Congress in the U.S.) Citizens vote for members of the Knesset, but cannot vote for the Prime Minister. This is a big difference compared to a presidential democracy.DEMOCRATICUniversal (men and women) voting age 18 years and upLaw provides for right to vote, freedom of speech (except if it risks national security), freedom of religion, right to privacy, right to fair trial etc. However, many instances exist of prejudice against its Arab citizens.KINGDOMSAUDI ARABIAMONARCHYExample of a Unitary distribution of powerMONARCH (King)How does the monarch (king) become the leader?A monarch (king) is the hereditary ruler, usually the first born son of the king (birthright), no election. In Muslim monarchies a female cannot become queen like in other countries. The king and his relatives are known as royal families and usually control the wealth of a country.AUTOCRATICOnly men 21 and over can vote when the government allows.Human rights in Saudi Arabia are based on Sharia. Many political freedoms do not exist. Capital punishment given without due process. Religious and political minorities as well as women do not have many rights.ISLAMICREPUBLICIRANTHEOCRATICPRESIDENT (political leader)How does the president become the political leader?A president is elected by the citizens by a popular vote and becomes leader of the executive branch that enforces the laws of a country.AYATOLLAH (religious leader)How did the ayatollah become the religious leader?They are appointed (selected) by religious leaders (Assembly of Experts) in the country and serve this role for life. Their influence on the elected president is very powerful. This is why Iran is a theocracy and the laws of the Quran are followed.PRESIDENTIALTHEOCRACYUniversal voting age 16 and upThe new government continues to close down newspapers, silence opposing voices and ban or censor books and websites. The peaceful demonstrations and protests of the previous era are no longer tolerated.