Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Newborn Nutrition Neonatal Nursing Care Part 4

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Newborn Nutrition Neonatal Nursing Care Part 4"— Presentation transcript:

1 Newborn Nutrition Neonatal Nursing Care Part 4
Developed by D. Ann Currie , RN, MSN

2 Nutritional Comparison: Breast Milk
90% water Same weight gain or greater during first 3-4 months Fat is variable Primary carbohydrate is lactose, trace amounts of other carbohydrates

3 Components of Breast Milk
Whey/Casein ratio changes according to infant needs Whey components include alpha-lactalbumin, serum albumin, lactoferrin, immunoglobulins, and lysozyme Low in vitamin D, adequate vitamin C & B complex Mineral content similar Iron absorption: 50-60%

4 Advantages of Breastfeeding
Species specific Cholesterol in breast milk plays a role in myelination and neurologic development More efficient metabolism of cholesterol Composition varies according to gestational age Iron is more readily absorbed

5 Infant Benefits Reduced risk of Protection from
Type I or type II diabetes mellitus Lymphoma, leukemia, & Hodgkin’s disease Obesity Hypercholesterolemia Asthma Protection from Respiratory tract and gastrointestinal tract infections Necrotizing enterocolitis Urinary tract infections Otitis media Bacterial meningitis

6 Maternal Physical Benefits
Decreased postpartum bleeding More rapid uterine involution Burns additional calories Decreased risk of developing Breast and ovarian cancer Postmenopausal osteoporosis

7 Maternal Psychosocial Benefits
Improved maternal-infant attachment Skin-to-skin contact Tactile communication Learn behavioral cues and needs Prolactin increases feelings of relaxation and euphoria Oxytocin heightens responsiveness and receptivity toward infant

8 Disadvantages to Breastfeeding
Pain due to nipple tenderness Leaking milk when breasts are full Embarrassment about breastfeeding Feeling tied down to the demands of breastfeeding Unequal feeding responsibilities/fathers left out Perceptions about diet restrictions Limited birth control options Vaginal dryness Concerns about the safety of medications and breastfeeding

9 Feeding Interventions: Birthing Room
Assess for signs of readiness to feed Place newborn on mother’s chest Breastfeeding may begin in birthing room Assess infant physiologic status during feeding

10 Feeding Interventions
Monitor progress Education Anticipatory guidance Evaluate the need for follow-up after discharge

11 Infant Feeding Education
On Demand” feeding pattern Infant feeding cues Normal feeding/sleeping patterns Satiety behaviors Growth patterns

12 Breastfeeding Education
Positioning Latching Breast milk pumping and storage Supplementation

13 Nutritional Comparison: Formula
90% water Greater weight gain after 3-4 months Lactose is only carbohydrate

14 Components of Formula Whey/Casein ratio is 60:40
Whey components are beta-lactoglobulin and alpha-lactalbumin Adequate amounts of vitamins Mineral content similar

15 Formula Feeding Education
Intake and output expectations Preparation and storage of formula Feeding technique Equipment Safety precautions

16 Growth Rates Both breastfed and formula-fed infants experience growth spurts requiring increased feedings Breastfeeding mother should nurse more frequently Formula feeding mother should slightly increase amount of feeding

17 Influence of Culture on Infant Feeding
Perception of breasts as sexual organ Perceptions of colostrum Language

18 The End of Part IV

Download ppt "Newborn Nutrition Neonatal Nursing Care Part 4"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google