Presentation on theme: "Characteristics and Forms"— Presentation transcript:
1 Characteristics and Forms PoetryCharacteristics and Forms
2 PoetryPoems are divided into lines and then grouped into stanzas, or verses. *Stanzas: poetry’s paragraphs: this is the way that the lines in a poem are grouped.
3 Characteristics of Poetry Figurative Language and Sound Devices
4 Figurative Language writing or speech not meant to be taken literally. Metaphor: describes one thing as if it were something else.Personification: gives human qualities to a non-human object.Simile: uses like or as to compare two apparently unlike things.Symbol: anything that represents something else.
5 Figurative Language Review Identify each of the following as either a simile, metaphor, symbol, or personification.He sits there like a lump on a log.The dog screamed in excitement.The bus lot is a zoo this morning!Thumbs up means everything is good.
6 Figurative LanguageCreate an example of each: simile, metaphor, personification and symbol.
7 Sound Devices Meant to enhance a poem’s mood and meaning Alliteration: the repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words: slippery slick slopeRepetition: the use of any element of language – a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence – more than once.Assonance: the repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in stressed syllables: blade and maze
8 Sound Devices Meant to enhance a poem’s mood and meaning Consonance: the repetition of similar consonant sounds a the ends of accented syllables: wind and sandOnomatopoeia: the use of words that imitate sounds. Crash, bang, hissRhyme: repetition of sounds at the ends of words: speech, teachRhyme scheme: a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem – labeled using lowercase letters. First line ALWAYS starts with an A. Rhyming is identified by the last word on each line.-twinkle twinkle little star – ahow I wonder what you are – aup above the world so high – blike a diamond in the sky – bRhyme scheme: aabb
9 Sound Devices Meant to enhance a poem’s mood and meaning Meter: The rhythmical pattern in a poem.Imagery: the use of vivid vocabulary and specific details that appeal to the senses.Examples: hear, touch, taste, smell, sight.
11 Forms of PoetryBrainstorm: complete the bubble map on your handout naming any/all types of poetry you know.
12 Narrative Tells a story in verse. Has elements similar to a short storyPlot, characters, etc.
13 Haiku Three line Japanese form – typically focuses on nature. First and third lines have 5 syllablesSecond line has seven.
14 Free Verse Lacks strict structure. No regular meter, rhyme, fixed length, or stanza size.
15 LyricExpresses thoughts and feeling of a single speaker, often in music.
16 Ballad Songlike poems that tell a story Often deal with adventure and romance
17 Concrete Shaped to look like their subject. Lines are shaped to create an image.
18 LimerickHumerous rhyming five-line poem with a specific rhythm pattern and rhyme scheme.Example:“Hickory, dickory, dock,The mouse ran up the clock.The clock struck one,And down he run,Hickory, dickory, dock.”
19 Rhyming coupletsPairs of rhyming lines, usually of same meter or length."Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall/Humpty Dumpty had a great fall/Syllable count?All the king's horses and all the king's men/Couldn't put Humpty together again!“
20 OthersCinquain – five line poem using designated parts of speech to describe a topic.Acrostic – uses the topic and each line must start with the first letter of the line.Alphabet poem – Uses A-Z: write like an acrostic.Found poem – a collage of a text: read text, highlight words/phrases that stand out to you, compile them in a poem that describes text.Autobio/bio poem– describes yourself/ someone else