2 A Simile to explain poetry Poetry is like a circus.Full of color, motion, and excitement
3 Poetry appeals to our senses Pleasing to the eyesSings to the earsTickles the taste buds
4 What is Prose?ProseShort stories, novels, newspapers, any type of essayLonger, looser works or paragraphsEverything poetry is not!
5 What does Poetry do?Squeezes meaning into a short number of lines and wordsEnds in a specific place to make a special effectStanzas
6 Language of the PoetSuggestionExaggerationComparison
7 Poetry also…Poetry inspires the reader to look at the world in new waysPoetry expresses feelingBrief, rhythmic, colorfulTells stories in a compact fashion
8 Basic Elements of Poetry FormSpeakerSoundImageryFigurative Language
9 Form The way a poem looks on a page. Poems are written in lines or shapesStanzas-lines grouped together
10 Form Free Verse No pattern or structure Sounds like conversation Specific FormsLimerick, Diamonte, Shape, etc.
11 RefrainA line or group of lines repeated at regular intervals, appears in some songs and poems
12 Speaker The voice that relates the story or ideas of the poem Poet Person who writes poetrySpeaker may be…Character or voice
13 Sound Words are used to create appealing sounds. Four Techniques: RhymeRhythmRepetitionOnomatopoeia
14 RhymeThe repetition of the same or similar sounds in words that appear near each other in a poem.End Rhyme: rhyme that comes at the end of linesPerfect Rhyme: Rhymes that after their first consonant sounds, their remaining sounds are alike
15 Rhyme SchemeThe pattern of end rhymes in a poem.Lowercase letters describe the scheme. A limerick is aabba. The first two lines rhyme, the second two lines rhyme, and the first two rhyme with the last.
16 RhythmThe pattern of beats made by stressed or unstressed syllables in the lines of a poemMeter-regular stressed and unstressed beats
17 RepetitionThe repeated use of sounds, words, phrases, or lines, it emphasizes important items, and helps unify a poem or other work of literature
18 Onomatopoeia The use of words whose sounds suggest their meanings. Crack, boom, bang!
19 ImageryImage or mental picture that is created with words which appeal to one or more of the senses; sight, sound, taste, touch, smell
20 Figurative LanguagePoet uses language that stretches words beyond their usual meaningAlliteration, simile, metaphor, onomatopoeia, etc.
21 Meaning The central idea or emotion behind the poem Restate the poem in your own words, paraphrase, ask yourself is the poem about a person? Place? Thing? Feeling? Idea?What emotion do you feel when you read the poem?Who is the speaker?
22 Reading Poetry Strategies Preview the poem and read it aloud a few times.Visualize the images.Clarify the words and phrases.Evaluate the poem’s theme.Let your understanding grow.