Presentation on theme: "Bell Work Tuesday 9/30 Look in your book beginning on page 263 and begin reading to find the answers 1.) Why was Mecca an important city in."— Presentation transcript:
1 Bell Work Tuesday 9/30Look in your book beginning on page and begin reading to find the answers1.) Why was Mecca an important city in western Arabia?2.) What are the Five Pillars of Islam3.) Why did Muslims consider Jews and Christians “people of the book”?
2 Bell Work Wednesday 10/01Look in your notes or the sections listed below and begin reading to find the answersWhat happened to Israel following the death of King Solomon? (Chapter 3 Section 4)What holy city do Christians, Jews and Muslims share? (Chapter 6 Section 3)What do Muslims consider the best example of poetry and writing? (Chapter 10)
5 Desert Towns and Trade Routes: Crossroads of Trade and Ideas-600 B.C.- Trade routes connected Arabia to land and sea tradeByzantine and Sassanid Empires located in the northCarried spices from Yemen and other products from the westCarried information and ideas from around the world
6 Desert Towns and Trade Routes: Mecca-During holy months caravans stopped at Mecca, a city in western Arabia.Ka’aba- An ancient shrine where religious pilgrims worshipedFirst associated with AbrahamContained over 360 idols brought by different tribesMonotheism- Belief in one GodIslam = Allah
11 The Prophet Muhammad: Muhammad- Born to a powerful Meccan family Orphaned at age 6Raised by his grandpa and uncleAt 25 became a trader and business manager for KhadijahThey got marriedHe took great interest in religion spent much time in prayer
12 The Prophet Muhammad: Muhammad- His life changed at age 40 when the voice the angel Gabriel called to him while meditatingTold Muhammad he was the messenger of Allah the last of God’s prophetsTaught that Allah was the one and only God all others should be abandonedIslam-“Submission to the will of Allah”Muslim- “One who has submitted”613 A.D. Muhammad begins to preach publically
13 The Prophet Muhammad: The Hijrah- Muhammad’s journeyed to Yathrib 200 miles north of MeccaDuring this journey Muhammad gained many new followersYathrib later renamed Medina
14 The Prophet Muhammad: Return to Mecca- 630 A.D. Muhammad and 10,000 followers returned to MeccaMecca’s leaders surrenderedDestroyed the idols in the Ka’aba and made a call to prayerMost Meccans converted to IslamUmma – Muslim religious communityMuhammad died in 632 A.D. at the age of 62He was able to unify a majority of the Arabian Peninsula under Islam
15 Beliefs and Practices of Islam The Five Pillars of IslamFaith-When becoming a Muslim one has to repeat the following statement of faith, “There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah”. This statement resonates throughout Islamic rituals and in Muslim daily life
16 Beliefs and Practices of Islam Prayer-Five times a day, Muslims face towards Mecca and pray. This can be done at home, a mosque, or any where.Alms-Muhammad taught that all Muslims have a responsibility to care for those less fortunate. Muslims meet this responsibility by giving alms or money to the poor, through a special religious tax (About 2.5%).
17 Beliefs and Practices of Islam Fasting-During the month of Ramadan, Muslims fast from sun up to sun down. The purpose of Ramadan is to represent the fact that your spiritual needs are more important than your physical needs.Pilgrimage-All Muslims who are physically and financially able to perform the hajj to Mecca are required to do so at least once in their life. Pilgrims are supposed to wear similar garments so everyone stands as equals in front of Allah.
18 Beliefs and Practices of Islam A Way of Life-Carrying out the Five Pillars of IslamEnsures a Muslims lives out their religion and serves their community.Muslims are forbidden to eat pork or drink intoxicating beveragesFridays are for worshipExpected to worship Allah directlyUlama’s- Scholars who help teach and apply the teachings of Muhammad to daily life
19 Beliefs and Practices of Islam Ultimate authority for Muslims is Allah himselfHe expressed his will through the Angel Gabriel who revealed it to MuhammadQur’an- The collection of the revelations given to MuhammadThe Muslims holy bookWritten in ArabicOnly the Qur’an written in Arabic is considered the true word of AllahBelieved that Muhammad’s mission was to receive the Qur’an and demonstrate it’s application
20 Beliefs and Practices of Islam Sunna- The model for proper livingShari’a- A body of law assembled from the teachings of the Qur’an and SunnaRegulated family life, moral conduct, and business and community life