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Islam Chapter 10, Section 1.

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1 Islam Chapter 10, Section 1

2 Islamic Origins Arab Nomads-called Bedouins
Ideals of courage and loyalty to family and warrior skills become part of the Islamic way of life Belief in ONE God=Allah, the Arabic God known on the Arabian Peninsula

3 Founder Of Islam Muhammad born to a Meccan family, orphaned, raised by grandfather, then marries While meditation ~ age 40 he heard a voice call out to him. The voice was the angel Gabriel, who told him that he was a messenger of Allah Muhammad believed he was the last of the prophets People who believed that Allah was the one and only God were called Muslims “one who has submitted”

4 What info should we put on our chart?
Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism Mono or poly theistic Deity (name of who is worshiped) Founder Beliefs Holy Book Leadership

5 Islam: “submission to the will of Allah”
Meccans felt that Muhammad’s teachings would lead to Mecca losing its position as a pilgrimage center of the Arab gods. Muhammad left Mecca and migrated to Yathrib(Medina)-this migration is called the Hijrah Return to Mecca in 630 AD those who pledged loyalty to Muhammad and Islam became part of the Umma, Muslim community

6 Sunna: model life after Muhammad’s example
Shari’a: a system of laws that regulate the family life, moral conduct, and business & community life of Muslims Muslims view Jesus as a prophet not as the son of God Yahweh = God = Allah Ancestry traced to Abraham.

7 5 Pillars: Faith”There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.” Prayers Pray 5 times a day toward Mecca. Mosque: Islamic house of worship Alms money for the poor Fasting during the holy month of Ramadan, Muslims fast between dawn and sunset Pilgrimageperform the Hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca.

8 Revelations of Muhammad were collected in the Qur’an (Koran), the holy book of the muslims written in Arabic Caliph successor

9 Sunni majority The 1st 4 caliphs were “rightly guided.” Believe you should follow the Sunna Claim that the Shi’a have distorted the meaning of the passages in the Qur’an(Koran)

10 Shi’a Believe that Ali, prophet’s son-in-law should have succeeded Muhammad
Believe that all muslim rulers should be descended from Muhammad Do not recognize the authority of the Sunna Claim that the Sunni have distorted passages in the Qur’an (Koran)

11 A follower of Islam.

12 A supreme political and religious leader in a Muslim government

13 A monotheistic religion that developed in Arabia in the 7th Century.

14 An Islamic model for living based on the teachings of Muhammad.

15 Branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first 4 caliphs as the rightful successors to Muhammad.

16 One God of Islam.

17 Body of Islamic law.

18 Islamic house of worship.

19 Branch of Islam whose members believe that Ali and his descendants are the successors of Muhammad.

20 Arab prophet who founded Islam.

21 Muhammad’s move from Mecca to Yathrib.

22 Pilgrimage to Mecca.

23 Holy book of Islam.

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