2 Islamic Origins Arab Nomads-called Bedouins Ideals of courage and loyalty to family and warrior skills become part of the Islamic way of lifeBelief in ONE God=Allah, the Arabic God known on the Arabian Peninsula
3 Founder Of IslamMuhammad born to a Meccan family, orphaned, raised by grandfather, then marriesWhile meditation ~ age 40 he heard a voice call out to him.The voice was the angel Gabriel, who told him that he was a messenger of AllahMuhammad believed he was the last of the prophetsPeople who believed that Allah was the one and only God were called Muslims “one who has submitted”
4 What info should we put on our chart? Christianity, Islam, Judaism, BuddhismMono or poly theisticDeity (name of who is worshiped)FounderBeliefsHoly BookLeadership
5 Islam: “submission to the will of Allah” Meccans felt that Muhammad’s teachings would lead to Mecca losing its position as a pilgrimage center of the Arab gods.Muhammad left Mecca and migrated to Yathrib(Medina)-this migration is called the HijrahReturn to Mecca in 630 AD those who pledged loyalty to Muhammad and Islam became part of the Umma, Muslim community
6 Sunna: model life after Muhammad’s example Shari’a: a system of laws that regulate the family life, moral conduct, and business & community life of MuslimsMuslims view Jesus as a prophet not as the son of GodYahweh = God = AllahAncestry traced to Abraham.
7 5 Pillars:Faith”There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.”Prayers Pray 5 times a day toward Mecca. Mosque: Islamic house of worshipAlms money for the poorFasting during the holy month of Ramadan, Muslims fast between dawn and sunsetPilgrimageperform the Hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca.
8 Revelations of Muhammad were collected in the Qur’an (Koran), the holy book of the muslims written in ArabicCaliph successor
9 Sunni majorityThe 1st 4 caliphs were “rightly guided.”Believe you should follow the SunnaClaim that the Shi’a have distorted the meaning of the passages in the Qur’an(Koran)
10 Shi’a Believe that Ali, prophet’s son-in-law should have succeeded Muhammad Believe that all muslim rulers should be descended from MuhammadDo not recognize the authority of the SunnaClaim that the Sunni have distorted passages in the Qur’an (Koran)