Presentation on theme: "The student will identify major efforts to reform American society and politics in the Progressive Era. Standard 13."— Presentation transcript:
1 The student will identify major efforts to reform American society and politics in the Progressive Era.Standard 13
2 a. Explain Upton Sinclair’s ‘The Jungle’ and federal oversight of the meatpacking industry.
3 The JungleIn his novel The Jungle, Sinclair told the story of European immigrants working in Chicago’s meatpacking industryThe book exposed the poor labor practices and unsanitary conditions that produced contaminated foodCongress was pressured to pass laws to regulate the meatpacking industry and to require meat packers to produce food that was safe to consume
7 b. Identify Jane Addams and Hull House and describe the role of women in reform movements.
8 Women ReformWomen Progressives, in particular, sponsored laws to end child labor and to require government inspections of workplacesJane Addams brought a British idea, the settlement house, to the United StatesShe established the Hull House in Chicago
11 Women ReformHull House was a social service agency that provided trained workers to help:Recent immigrantsWorking-class citizensTo learn about:Home economicsBasic medical careThe English languageLegal rightsOther topics important to low-income urban residents
12 c. Describe the rise of Jim Crow, Plessy v c. Describe the rise of Jim Crow, Plessy v. Ferguson, and the emergence of the NAACP.
13 African American Rights Race relations in the South worsenedAfrican Americans were denied basic rightsThey suffered worse racial discrimination and segregation than what they had encountered in the years after the Civil War
14 Jim CrowSouthern and border states passed segregation laws that required separate public and private facilities for African AmericansThese were called Jim Crow laws (after a character in an old minstrel song) and resulted in inferior:EducationHealth careTransportation systemsFor African Americans
17 Plessy v. FergusonIn 1896, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of Jim Crow laws in Plessy v. FergusonUnder the “separate but equal” doctrine, the Court ruled racial segregation was legal in public accommodations such as railroad carsAfrican Americans disagreed about how to best oppose Jim Crow laws
18 NAACPOne group, which sought full social and economic equality for African Americans, eventually formed the:National Association for the Advancement of Colored PeopleTo seek full civil rights for African AmericansBetter known today as the NAACPThis group still keeps its original name in honor of the people who founded it to help overturn Plessy v. Ferguson
25 MuckrakersIn a series of magazine articles, Tarbell exposed political corruption inNew YorkChicagoOther citiesCriticized Standard Oil Company’s unfair business practicesHer findings angered the public and contributed to the government’s decision to break up the Standard Oil Trust
26 e. Describe the significance of progressive reforms such as the initiative, recall, and referendum; direct election of senators; reform of labor laws; and efforts to improve living conditions for the poor in cities.
27 Progressive ReformsThe Progressives supported new ideas and policies they believed would improve people’s livesThey supported increased government regulation of:Business and industryEfforts to protect consumers and workersPolicies to conserve natural resources
28 Progressive ReformsTheir efforts to improve living conditions for the poor in cities led to more and better:LibrariesSchoolsHospitalsParksThe Progressives also opposed political bosses and had scorn for citizens’ lack of control over them
29 Progressive ReformsProgressive election reforms helped to increase ordinary citizens’ direct control of government in these ways:
30 Progressive ReformsSupporters of any new law may collect voters’ signatures on an initiativeTo force a public vote on the issueThis prevents government officials from ignoring the desires of citizens
31 Progressive Reforms When enough citizens support an initiative The government must present the issue to the public as a referendumOn which the public may voteThis also prevents government officials from ignoring the desires of citizens
32 Progressive ReformsCitizens may remove public officials from office before their terms expire by organizing a recall electionThis allows citizens to control who serves in government
33 Progressive ReformsAnother Progressive reform was the direct election of senatorsUnder the U.S. Constitution, each state’s legislature elected that state’s U.S. senators
34 Progressive ReformsThe Progressives favored the adoption of an amendment to the Constitution that gave voters the right to elect their U.S. senatorsThey succeeded in their efforts with the adoption of the Seventeenth Amendment in 1913