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The Progressive Movement

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1 The Progressive Movement
U.S. History Standard 13 The Progressive Movement

2 Standard 13 The student will identify major efforts to reform American society and politics in the Progressive Era

3 Essential questions Is muckraking an effective tool to reform American politics and society? Can reform movements improve American society and politics? Were the progressives successful in making government more responsive to the will of the people?

4 Essential Vocabulary Progressivism Upton Sinclair The Jungle
Jane Addams Hull House Plessy v. Ferguson Jim Crow Initiative Referendum Recall Conservation NAACP

5 Upton Sinclair-YouTube
Industrial oversight Upton Sinclair was a muckraker-a journalist who exposed corruption. Sinclair wrote The Jungle, a book that exposed corruption in the meat packing industry. His book led to federal oversight and reform in the meat packing industry. Meat packing facilities were forced to meet standards set by the federal government. Upton Sinclair-YouTube


7 Industrial oversight Like Upton Sinclair, Ida Tarbell was a muckraker- someone who exposed corruption in government or industry. She wrote about the dubious business practices of Rockefeller's Standard Oil Company. Ida Tarbell-YouTube


9 Social reforms Jane Adams was a social reformer that founded the Hull House which helped the poor in the ghettos of Chicago. Women played a key role in reform movements for suffrage, temperance, and labor laws. Jane Addams-YouTube


11 Social reforms african american rights
Jim Crow laws were designed to keep the races segregated. The Supreme Court decision in Plessy vs. Ferguson(1896) stated that the 14th Amendment was not violated by the separate but equal doctrine. W.E.B. Dubois founded the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People). The group advocated rights for African Americans and eventually helped lead to the abolition of the separate but equal doctrine. Plessy-YouTube




15 Political Reforms Initiative-the people create a bill to put before Congress Referendum-occurs when Congress refers a bill to the people to be voted upon Recall-when a petition is signed by the voters to remove an elected official from his/her position Gray Davis The 17th Amendment allows for direct election of U.S. Senators Labor Laws-many laws were passed to improve work hours, working conditions, and to prevent child labor. 17th Amendment-YouTube


17 Conservation Led by Theodore Roosevelt. Established national parks and water conservation measures in an effort to protect resources. Conservation-YouTube




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