Presentation on theme: " Political, social, and economic change in America at the turn of the 20 th century Progressives – those who support these reforms. ◦ Wanted to make."— Presentation transcript:
Political, social, and economic change in America at the turn of the 20 th century Progressives – those who support these reforms. ◦ Wanted to make society better through government regulation
Authors and journalists who exposed abuse and corruption in government and big business (coined by Theodore Roosevelt) Ida Tarbell – exposed Standard Oil trusts Upton Sinclair – wrote “The Jungle” which exposed the meat packing industry ◦ Led to Federal Meat Inspection Program
Opened Hull House as a settlement house in Chicago. ◦ Established in poor neighborhoods ◦ Offer assistance to immigrants and underprivileged citizens
Wanted to eliminate alcohol Many supporters were churchgoers and women ◦ Carrie Nation would go into saloons and smash bottles of liquor with a hatchet Eighteenth Amendment – prohibited the making, selling, and alcoholic beverages ◦ Prohibition
Most recognizable leaders were Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton 1920 Nineteenth Amendment was passed ◦ Gave women the right to vote
Jim Crow laws – required segregation of blacks and whites. Blacks were restricted from using the same public facilities. Plessy v. Ferguson – Supreme Court upheld segregation as long as the facilities and services were equal. ◦ In reality they were not equal. Facilities for whites were usually superior.
Many white progressives supported segregation and believed that African Americans would develop and advance culturally in their own society. W.E.B. DuBois was the first black Ph.D. graduate from Harvard and rejected segregation. Believed that blacks must be politically, socially, and legally active in order to obtain true equality
W.E.B. DuBois helped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) ◦ Organization devoted to the progress of the African-American community
Political corruption was a major issue of the day. Through progressive reforms the Seventeenth Amendment passed. ◦ US senators would be elected by the people rather than state legislatures. Initiative, Recall, and Referendum ◦ Initiative – citizens could force a vote on an issue if enough citizens signed a petition. Citizens started a bill. ◦ Recall – Citizens could hold special elections to remove corrupt officials from office before their term was up ◦ Referendum – Public officials are elected by popular vote rather than party bosses or state legislatures.
16 th – Income tax on individuals and businesses 17 th – US senators elected directly by the people 18 th – Banned the making, selling, and transportation of alcohol 19 th – Right to vote for women World War I marks the end of the Progressive Era!