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Dramatic and Literary Elements

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Presentation on theme: "Dramatic and Literary Elements"— Presentation transcript:

1 Dramatic and Literary Elements

2 Act A division within a play, much like chapters of a novel

3 Analogy Comparison between two things for the purpose of clarifying the less familiar of the two.

4 Aside Lines that are spoken by a character directly to the audience

5 Blank verse Non-rhyming poetry, usually written in iambic pentameter. Most of Shakespeare’s plays are written in this form, which is very close to normal speech rhythms and patterns. Often Shakespeare will deviate from this form in order to make a point about the character’s state of mind or for other emphasis, like a change in the mood.

6 Catalyst Someone who drives the hero into action.

7 Comedy A humorous work of drama

8 Comic relief In a tragedy, a break in the seriousness for a moment of comedy or silliness.

9 Dialogue Conversation between two or more characters

10 Double entendre A word or phrase with more than one meaning, usually when the second meaning is risqué

11 Dramatic irony When the audience or reader knows something that the characters in the story do not know

12 Euphemism A substitution of a more pleasant expression for one whose meaning may come across as rude or offensive.

13 Figurative language Writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally; often used to compare dissimilar objects; figurative language includes metaphor, simile, personification, and hyperbole Used to create vivid imagery and depth of meaning to convey a mood

14 Foil A character who is nearly opposite of another character; the purpose of a foil is to reveal a stark contrast between two characters, often the protagonist and antagonist

15 Foreshadowing Hints of events to occur later in a story

16 Iamb A unit in poetry consisting of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable

17 Iambic pentameter A 10-syllable line divided into 5 iambic feet (one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable). This is the basic rhythm of Shakespeare’s verse.

18 Irony A contradiction between what is expected and what actually is – or appearance versus reality; includes verbal irony, situational irony, and dramatic irony.

19 Monologue A long speech spoken by a character to himself, another character, or to the audience.

20 Oxymoron When two opposite terms are used together

21 Prose Normal speech rhythm; Shakespeare often wrote certain characters speaking either in all verse or all prose, indicating some personality trait of the character. If the character deviates from his normal form, be aware of a changing state of mind Often prose signals a character slipping into insanity!

22 Pun A play on words, especially those that sound alike, but have different meanings

23 Rhetorical devices Techniques writers use to enhance their arguments and communicate more effectively. Repetition Analogy Parallelism Rhetorical questions

24 Reversal The point at which the action of the plot takes an unexpected turn; usually the protagonist learns something about himself and might even regret his decisions, or realizes the affect his decision may have on himself or others

25 Rhyming couplet Two rhyming lines at the end of a speech, signaling that a character is leaving the stage or that the scene is ending

26 Sarcasm Type of verbal irony; critical remark in the form of a statement in which literal meaning is opposite actual meaning; mocking and intended to hurt someone

27 Scene A division of an act into smaller parts

28 Soliloquy Thoughts spoken aloud by a character when he/she is alone, or thinks he/she is alone; generally assumed to be genuine

29 Stage directions Italicized comments that identify parts of the setting or the use of props or costumes, give further information about a character, or provide background information; in Shakespeare’s plays, stage directions can also appear in brackets, parenthesis, and/or half-brackets

30 Suspense Excitement or tension readers feel as they wait to find out how a story ends or a conflict is resolved

31 Tragic flaw/hero A tragic flaw is an error in judgment or a character defect that ultimately leads to his/her downfall. A tragic hero is a protagonist with a fatal flaw that eventually leads to his demise – usually of high social rank – usually faces downfall with courage and dignity.

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