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Literary Terms – Take 4 sheets of blank computer paper. Fold in half side-to-side and top-to-bottom so that you get 4 squares. You will use both sides so that each sheet of paper will have 8 terms.
1.ALLUSION: - A reference in one work of literature to a person, place, or event in another work of literature, history, art, or music. 2.ANALOGY: - A extended comparison showing similarities between two things. Example: Juliet comparing Romeo to a rose.
3.Antagonist: - The character who works against the protagonist and who introduces the conflict. 4.Aside: - Words spoken in a play, usually so other characters can’t hear, or spoken to the audience.
5. BLANK VERSE: - Unrhymed iambic pentameter 6. CHARACTERIZATI ON:- The personality a character displays and how the author reveals that.
7. CLIMAX:- The point of greatest emotional intensity, interest, or suspense. 8. CONFLICT: - A struggle between forces or characters. MvMan MvNature MvSelf MvGod MvSociety
9. COUPLET: - Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme. 10. DRAMATIC IRONY: When the audience knows something that the character on stage doesn’t.
11. FOIL: - A character who sets off another character by contrast. 12. FORESHADOWING: Clues or hints that suggest something to come later.
13. IAMBIC METER: - Unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable: Example: “A-gain” 14. IAMBIC PENTAMETER: Five verse feet with each foot an iamb (Total=10 syllables)
15: IMAGERY: Language used that appeals to one of the five senses or combination of senses. 16. IRONY: - When there is a difference between appearance and reality.
17. METAPHOR: A comparison between two unlike things: “She is an angel” 18. MOTIVATION: A reason that explains why a character thinks, feels, acts, or behaves in a certain way.
19. PROTAGONIST: the main character in a story or play (usually our “hero”). 20. PUN: A play on words to suggest two meanings at once: Example: “I wondered why the baseball was getting bigger. Then it hit me.”
21. MONOLOGUE: A long uninterrupted speech given in front of other characters. 22.OXYMORON. A figure of speech that combines apparently contradictory terms. “Parting is sweet sorrow” “Fresh frozen fish”
23. PERSONIFICATION: Giving human characteristics to something non-human. 24. SIMILE: A comparison using the words like or as. Example: She looks like an angel.
25.SITUATIONAL IRONY: a contrast between what happens and what was expected to happen. 26. SOLILOQUY: A speech in which a character is alone on stage and expresses thoughts aloud.
27.SYMBOL: any object, person, or place that has a meaning in itself and stands for something else. Example: Owls can symbolize wisdsom or death. 28. SUSPENSE: The quality of a literary work that makes the reader/viewer uncertain to tense about what will happen next.
29. THEME: The central idea of a work of literature. 30. VERBAL IRONY: A contrast between what is said and what is meant. Example: Sarcasm
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