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Published byMargery Blake Modified over 7 years ago
Literary Terms for Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare
Sonnet 1. Sonnet- a fourteen (14) line poem ending in a couplet, written in iambic pentameter
Couplet 2. Couplet- two (2) lines of poetry that rhyme and have the same meter
Iambic pentameter- 3. Iambic pentameter- A poetic line of five (5- “penta”) iambic feet (a measurement of poetry). **An iambic foot consists of one (1) unstressed and one (1) stressed syllable [ u ’ ]. Example: I must / have passed / the crest / a while / ago. = one (1) line in iambic pentameter
Blank verse- 4. Blank verse- unrhymed verse in iambic pentameter (with a rhythm)
Rhyme scheme- 5. Rhyme scheme- the pattern of rhymes in a stanza or a poem. A stanza is a verse paragraph.
Chorus- 6. Chorus- a person or group of people present to introduce and explain the play
Soliloquy- 7. Soliloquy- a long speech in which a character expresses his or her thoughts aloud (ALONE on stage)
Monologue 8. Monologue- a speech in which a character expresses thoughts (IN FRONT of other characters)
Aside 9. An Aside- something that is said by one character and is meant to only be heard by one other character (and the audience), similar to a secret
Dramatic Foil 10. Dramatic Foil- A character who serves as a contrast for another character (each character is then intensified by the actions or traits of the other character)
Juxtaposition 11. Juxtaposition- the literary act of placing two characters or words or actions side by side in order to heighten or highlight the differences between them
Imagery 12. Imagery- certain words used to bring certain pictures or feelings to mind
Personification 13. Personification- giving life-like or human qualities to inanimate (non- living) objects
Dramatic Irony 14. Dramatic Irony- irony that occurs when the reader or audience knows something that the characters in the story or play do not yet know or believe to be true
Pun 15. Pun- a play on words, a joke— “I wondered why the baseball was getting bigger. Then it hit me.” “Did you hear about the guy whose whole left side was cut off? He's all right now.”
Simile 16. Simile- using like or as to make an indirect comparison between two unlike things
Metaphor 17. Metaphor- a direct comparison between two unlike things (WITHOUT using like or as)
Allusion 18. Allusion- a reference to something in another piece of literature or in history
Oxymoron 19. Oxymoron- a figure of speech in which two contradictory words or phrases are combined in a single expression. Example: “The Little Giant” (Similar to paradox- a contradiction of words or ideas that is actually truthful). Example: “Success is counted sweetest by those who never succeed.” ~Emily Dickinson
Symbol 20. Symbol- something that stands for something else, SYMBOLISM- the use of symbols
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