# Clause Types Independent & Dependent … and …. Let’s start with a simple sentence… I bought a book. This sentence has the three basic elements required.

## Presentation on theme: "Clause Types Independent & Dependent … and …. Let’s start with a simple sentence… I bought a book. This sentence has the three basic elements required."— Presentation transcript:

Clause Types Independent & Dependent … and …

Let’s start with a simple sentence… I bought a book. This sentence has the three basic elements required of either a simple sentence or a clause: Subject = I Verb = bought Object = a book

While my mother drank her coffee, I bought a book. Now, let’s add another clause … While my mother drank her coffee, I bought a book. Now we have a two clause sentence, but these clauses are not the same. The original clause I bought a book can stand on its own as a simple sentence. It expresses a complete thought by itself. Therefore, it is called an independent clause.

An independent clause is a S + V / O bject or C omplement or A dverbial unit that expresses a complete thought and could stand on its own as a simple sentence. Whether you find an independent clause by itself as a simple sentence or joined with other clauses, you will be able to identify it because it: is a S+V/ unit that expresses a complete thought Independent Clause (IC)

But what about the other clause? While my mother drank her coffee, I bought a book. If we only consider the first clause, while my mother drank her coffee, we are left with a question in our minds, “What happened while your mother drank her coffee?!” This clause can not stand on its own as a simple sentence. It requires another clause to a complete its meaning. Therefore, it is called an dependent clause.

A dependent clause is a S + V / O bject or C omplement or A dverbial unit that does not express a complete thought and can not stand on its own as a simple sentence. A dependent clause must always be connected to an independent clause. You will be able to identify it because it: is a S+V/ unit that does not express a complete thought on its own Dependent Clause (DC)

Noun Clause (NC) [S+V/] that acts like a noun Example: I think [you are sick]. I think [you are sick]. S V O Objects are nouns; this entire clause acts like a singular noun, so it is a noun clause. NCs usually follow verbs as objects or complements “Answers” the question “What?” Example: Q: What do you think? A: I think Spiderman is the best superhero.

Noun Clause (NC) -- continued NCs can begin with “that” “that” is a subordinating conjunction that joins it to an IC makes the clause it begins depend on the IC to complete its meaning. “that” is often omitted by native speakers: Example: I think that Spiderman is the best superhero. I think Spiderman is the best superhero.