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Presentation on theme: "CLAUSES."— Presentation transcript:


2 WHAT ARE CLAUSES? Clauses are groups of words that contain a subject and a verb. Sometimes they express a complete thought. These clauses are INDEPENDENT CLAUSES. Sometimes they do NOT express a complete thought. These clauses are DEPENDENT or SUBORDINATE CLAUSES.

3 Independent Clauses Sometimes called a Main Clause, the independent clause has a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought. One independent clause is a simple sentence. Example: Millions of people live in cities.

4 Subordinate Clauses Sometimes known as dependent clauses, these clauses have a subject and a verb but do NOT express a complete thought. Dependent Clauses are NOT sentences. Ex: John is a man that people can trust.

5 Adjective Clauses Modify nouns or pronouns in the main clause of the sentence Answer the questions “which one?” and “what kind?” Usually begin with a relative pronoun, such as who, whom, whose, which, or that. Example: She is a person who truly loves bicycling. ( What kind of person?)

6 Adverb Clauses Modify the verb in a main clause
Answers the questions: How?, When?, Where?, Why?, and Under what condition? Usually begin with subordinating conjunctions such as: after, although, as, because, before, if, since, than, though, unless, until, when, whenever, where, whereas, wherever Example: She likes ten speeds because they are versatile.( Likes, why?)

7 Independent or Subordinate?
When the sun set. Most people know that camels are stubborn. He paid a low price. Which he bought on sale. Before automobiles were available. Where you ride is your choice.

8 Types of Subordinate Clauses
Adjective Adverb Noun

9 Noun Clauses Can be used in the same ways a noun can be used: Subject
Direct Object Object of a Preposition Predicate Noun

10 Examples S-Whoever rides a bike rides for fun or exercise.
DO-Suki says that she wants a ten speed. OP-She is interested in looking at whatever is on sale. PN- The flea market is where she can find a good deal.

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