2 ShockLife threatening condition in which the body’s vital functions are threatened due to lack of blood flow or oxygen to body tissue.Symptoms: nausea, cool moist skin, rapid breathing and pulse, restlessness, unresponsive or unconsciousness.Call for help, elevate legs about 12 inches, control external bleeding, monitor vital signs, attempt to warm or cool victim if shock is due to temperature extremes.
3 Choking If victim is coughing, encourage them to continue If choking continues ask if you can helpStart with 5 back blows, if object is not removed perform 5 abdominal thrusts.Continue this cycle until the victim becomes unconsciousIf unconscious, start chest compressions
4 Open/Closed Fractures If possible, do not move the victimPlace appropriate splint (anatomic, soft, or rigid)Splint above and below injury sightIf the fracture is open, elevate the limb and cover exposed bone with moist damp cloth
5 Bleeding Wear rubber gloves. If wound is minor wash with soap and water.Cover wound with clean gauze or cloth and apply firm pressure.If possible elevate wound above heart.
6 Bleeding Continue to add bandages or cloth as blood soaks through. If necessary cover dressing with pressure bandage.Use pressure points or tourniquet if bleeding can not be stopped.
7 HyperthermiaPale clammy skin, heavy sweating, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps, fainting.Move victim to shade or cooler areaLoosen clothingApply wet towels or ice packs wrapped in clothGive sips of cool water ( ½ cup every 15 minutesCall EMS if condition does not improve within 30 minutes
8 Heat StrokeTemp. over 106, hot dry skin, constricted pupils, pulse over 100 BPM, confusion, unconsciousnessCall for helpRemove heavy clothingHave victim lie downWrap in cool wet towels
9 HypothermiaCool skin, shivering, numbness, slurred speech, change in level of consciousnessMove victim to warmer area, call EMS if unconsciousRemove any wet clothingWrap in dry blanketsGive warm drink if consciousIf victim does not improve within a few minutes call for help
10 Frost Bite Handle Gently Remove tight clothing Cover affected tissue (tissues need to be gently warmed, so the ice crystals will slowly melt)Soak the injured part in comfortably warm water, not hot waterLoosely bandage area with gauzeSeek medical help
11 ALWAYS CALL FOR EMERGENCY HELP 911 PoisonALWAYS CALL FOR EMERGENCY HELP 911INGESTEDDetermine what was swallowedCall Poison Control and follow directionsSyrup of ipecac or activated charcoal should be available incase needed.
12 Poison Quickly get the person to fresh air Monitor Vital Signs INHALEDQuickly get the person to fresh airMonitor Vital SignsCall Poison Control and follow directions
13 Poison Remove contaminated clothing SKINRemove contaminated clothingRinse skin with water for 15 minutesCall Poison Control and follow directions
14 Poison Flush eye with warm water for 15 minutes Have victim blink while flushing eyeCall Poison Control and follow directions
15 1st Degree Burns 1st degree burns only the top layer of skin. Skin appears red and will feel hot.Treatment: Apply cool water for 10 min.Applying a cold wet towel will help reduce pain.
16 2nd Degree Burns Wrap area with dry bandage. Do not pop blisters. 2nd degree burns several top layers of skin.Skin will have blisters and appear blotchyTreatment: Apply cool water for 10 min. and elevate the burn. (If burn covers a large area do not apply water)Wrap area with dry bandage. Do not pop blisters.
17 3rd Degree BurnsSerious burn in which deep layers of skin, and possibly fat, muscle, nerves, and bone are damaged.Elevate burned area if possibleCool burned area with cold water only if it is still burning.Wrap area with dry clean gauze or cloth.Treat for shock
18 Animal Bites Report animal bites to your local authorities. Treatment: -Wash bite area with soap and warm water for 5 minutes.-Apply direct pressure to stop bleeding-If wound swells apply ice for 10 minutes-Cover wound with clean dressing and bandage
19 Snake Bite Call for emergency help Keep victim calm and immobilized If you are the victim move slowly and as little as possible to get help.Try to get a good look at the snake and call poison control to determine if the snake was poisonous.
20 Bites and Stings Move to a safe area to avoid further harm Remove stinger by scraping it offWash area with soap and water and apply iceApply hydrocortisone cream, calamine lotion or baking soda paste to area several times a day until pain is goneIf victim has a severe reaction or has trouble breathing seek professional help