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Key Principles of Basic Life Support for Adults Simple First Aid and CPR.

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Presentation on theme: "Key Principles of Basic Life Support for Adults Simple First Aid and CPR."— Presentation transcript:

1 Key Principles of Basic Life Support for Adults Simple First Aid and CPR

2 Call 9-1-1 for any unresponsive victim. For all Emergencies 9-1-1

3 Open the airway with the head tilt- chin lift method to check for breathing. Check for Breathing

4 Look, listen and feel for breathing for not over 10 seconds. Check for Breathing

5 Use a barrier device of some type while giving breaths. Giving Breaths

6 Give 2 breaths, each for about 1 second, watching the chest rise and fall. Giving Breaths

7 Give 30 chest compressions, hard and fast, positioning hand midway between breasts. Giving Chest Compressions

8 Use cycles of 2 breaths and 30 compressions. Cycles of Breaths/Compressions 2 breaths + 30 compressions

9 Use the AED as soon as it is available and ready to use. Use of an AED Automated External Defibrillator

10 Follow the AED prompts to give a shock, then give CPR again while the AED is analyzing the victim’s rhythm. Using AED and CPR

11 If the victim responds, position him in the recovery position and monitor breathing until help arrives. The Recovery Position Infant Recovery Position

12 First turn it on. Then simply follow instructions. Using an AED

13 Make sure it belongs to the patient, remove cap, insert, wait 10 seconds, remove, rub the spot. Using and EpiPen

14 Use of the abdominal thrust method. Choking Victim

15 Call 9-1-1. Make victim comfortable and loosen clothing. Check if victim is on heart medication. Give victim aspirin if they are not allergic. Reassure and calm victim. Give basic life support if needed. Do not let victim eat or drink anything, except medication or aspirin. First Aid for Heart Attack

16 Put on gloves or wash hands often. Place a sterile dressing on the wound. Apply direct pressure with your hand. If bleeding badly, put another dressing on top of the first. Apply pressure bandage to keep pressure on the wound. Call 9-1-1. Bleeding and Wound Care

17 Symptoms: Anxiety, confusion, agitation, restlessness, dizziness, cool, clammy, sweating, pale, rapid and shallow breathing, thirst, nausea, vomiting, not responsive. Check for normal breathing and severe bleeding, treat for these. Call 9-1-1. Put victim on back, raise legs 8-12”. Loosen tight clothing. Turn victim’s head if vomiting occurs. Keep victim warm with coat or blanket. Give no food or drink, alcohol or tobacco. Offer reassurance and comfort and be calming. If unresponsive, put in recovery position. First Aid for Shock

18 Stop the burning. Cool the area with water, but not over 20% of the body. Remove clothing and jewelry in burn area. Call 9-1-1. Treat for shock. Carefully cover the burn with a nonstick dressing. First Aid for Burns

19 Use R.I.C.E.: Rest Ice Compression Elevation First Aid for Bone, Joint, Muscle Injuries

20 Stroke (first 2 hours are critical) Asthma (check for inhalers) Fainting (look for injuries from fall) Seizures (check for medication) Diabetic emergencies Problems in pregnancy Poisoning (call poison hotline) First Aid for:

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