Presentation on theme: "VOCABULARY Compass Rose: map symbol that tells cardinal directions on a map Legend: key that tells what symbols mean on a map Scale: symbol that tells."— Presentation transcript:
1 VOCABULARYCompass Rose: map symbol that tells cardinal directions on a mapLegend: key that tells what symbols mean on a mapScale: symbol that tells distance on a map between two pointsLatitude: distance North or South from the Equator, measured in degreesLongitude: Distance East or West from the Prime Meridian, measured in degreesPrime Meridian: Longitude line measuring zero degrees, divides East and West HemispheresEquator: Latitude line measuring zero degrees, divides North and South Hemisphere
2 TYPES OF MAPSPhysical Map: shows land features, including mountains, rivers, and lakes. Key usually shows elevation by colors. These maps are good for finding Rivers and Mountain RangesPolitical Map: shows the names and political boundaries of states and countries, along with cities and transportation routes. These maps are great for states/countries and capitols/large citiesHistorical Maps: shows events that have happened in a territory at a specific time period, such as explorations or battles. Great maps for identifying troop movements and changes in states over timePopulation Density Maps: shows how many people live within a certain area at a certain time. Great to show how much a city or state has grown over timeMilitary Maps: show what battles occurred and military maneuvers within a certain place or time period. Great for helping determine sequence of events in battles/wars
3 CHECKPOINT ACTIVITYWhat kind of map would best be suited for finding the capitol of Ohio?
4 CHECKPOINT ACTIVITYWhat kind of map would best be suited for finding the troop movement during the Battle of Gettysburg?
5 CHECKPOINT ACTIVITYWhich map do you think would be best to find the elevation of the Rocky Mountains?
6 5 Themes of Geography Location: Where something is located Place: physical and human characteristics of a unique locationRegions: areas that share common characteristicsMovement: How and why people and animals move to other locationsHuman-Environment Interaction: relationship between people and their environment
7 Location Position on Earth's Surface Absolute location answers the questions: Where is it?Relative location is the relationship of a place to other places.Examples:Absolute Location: White Cliffs Middle School3550 Prospector StKingman, AZ 86401Relative Location: White Cliffs is in Kingman, AZ
8 PLACE Physical and Human Characteristics The theme of place addresses this question: What's it like there?Physical: Describes and forms, bodies of water, climate, soils, natural vegetation, and animal life.Human: land use, density of population, language patterns, religion, architecture, and political systems
9 Human/Environment Interaction: This geographic theme addresses this question: What is the relationship between humans and their environment?Human Dependence: How do they use the environment?Human Modification: How do humans change the landscape?Human Adaptations: How do humans change themselves to fit into their environment?
10 QuestionsDiscuss answers to these questions about the human/environment interaction where you live:What examples of human/environment interaction do you see in your area?Do you see evidence of exploited resources?
11 MovementThe theme movement addresses this question: How and why are places connected with one another?Relationships between people in different places are shaped by the constant movement of people, ideas, materials, and physical systems such as windThings that Move: Ideas, Resources, Money, Religion, Education, Language, Ethnic Groups
12 QuestionsWhat examples of movement of people, goods, or ideas do you see in your area?Has immigration had an impact on your area? If so, what has happened?
13 RegionsThe study of regions helps us answer these questions: How and why is one area similar to another? How do the areas differ?Physical characteristics include land forms, climate, soil, and natural vegetationHuman characteristics include economic, social, political, and cultural characteristics.