2 Engage Pick a place in the world you have visited or studied. What did you see or learn about that place?What is the landscape like?What is the weather like?What are the people like?What is the vegetation or animals like?
3 What is Geography? Geography is the study of place and space. Study of human activity, the natural environment, and the relationship between the two (human-environment interactions).Geographers look at where things are and why they are there.
4 Physical v. Cultural Geography Physical GeographyCultural GeographyRocks/MineralsPopulation/Settlements/UrbanizationLandformsEconomic and Political SystemsAnimal and Plant LifeTransportationSoilsHuman MigrationAtmosphere/Climate/WeatherSocial SystemsEnvironmentRecreationRivers/Oceans/Other bodies of WaterReligion/Belief SystemPhysical Geography is the study of the Natural Landscape of the EarthCultural Geography is the study of the Human Landscape of the Earth.
6 Maps and Globes – What’s the difference? Maps – “two dimensional” – usually only show parts of the Earth’s surface.Globes – “three dimensional” representation of the Earth, shows whole surface.
7 Who makes maps?Cartographers are people who make maps.
8 What is an Atlas? An ATLAS is a book of maps. There is an Atlas at the beginning of your textbook.Knowing how to use it will help you a lot this year!
9 Parts of A Map Title – explains the subject of the map Compass Rose – shows the “Cardinal Directions”, meaning North, South, East, and WestLegend or “Key” - shows and explains the symbols used on the mapScale – shows the true size of the objects shown on the map
10 Activity: Identify the Map Parts Number your paper #1-#4. Identify and label each partof the map below, using the terms you just learned.
11 What main types of maps are there? PHYSICAL MAPSPOLITICAL MAPSTHEMATIC MAPS
12 Physical MapsShow natural features such as landforms and physical borders; lakes, rivers, mountain ranges, and things that were around before humansPhysical Borders – Borders defined by a physical featureExample - Rio Grande River, between USA and Mexico
13 Activity 2 – Using Physical Maps Use the World Physical Map on p RA4-RA5 of your textbook to answer these questions on your own paper.What mountain range separates European Russia from Asia?2. What two mountain ranges run the length of North and South America?
14 Political MapsShow features on the earth’s surface that humans created.Examples of things on a political map?Political Borders – are borders created by governmentsNational and State BordersCity Limits, capitals
15 Activity 3 – Using Political Maps Use the World Political Map on p. RA6-RA7 of your textbook to answer these questions.What are the two countries that lie on the Himalayan border between India and China?What is the name of the largest island in the world?How many countries share a border with Brazil?
16 Thematic MapsThematic maps can be tricky, there are many different kinds.They all do the same thing… they show informationSome common thematic maps:Population mapsWeather mapsResource mapsTopographic maps
17 5 Themes Geographers study the world by looking at Location Place RegionMovementHuman-Environment Interaction
18 #1 Location Where is it? Absolute Location Relative Location is the exact place on the earth where a geographic feature is found.3322 RR 620 South Austin, TX 78738LTHS Room J205Latitude = 30 degrees, 19.7 minutes NorthLong = 97 degrees, 58.2 minutes WestRelative Locationdescribes a place in comparison to other places around it.Ex. Next door to the Wendy’s
19 #2 Place – What is it like?describes the physical features and cultural characteristics of a location.
20 #3 Region – How are places similar or different? describes an area of the earth’s surface with similar characteristics, usually more than one.
21 GEOGRAPHIC REGIONS: What defines a region? physical (natural) characteristicslandforms, climate, vegetationhuman (cultural) characteristicslanguage, religion, ethnicity, population
22 Sub-RegionsFurther classification of Regions based upon physical features and human characteristics.Examples: The United States is in the North American Region. However, the U.S. has several sub-regions: Northeast, Midwest, South, etc.
23 #4 MovementHow and why people, plants, animals, and ideas move through time and place?
24 #5 Human–Environment Interaction People learn to use what the environment offers them and to change that environment to meet their needs.
25 How to remember the 5 themes! M = MovementR = RegionH = Human InteractionE = Environment InteractionL = LocationP = Place
30 What are important lines on “Geographer’s Grid”? Equator – Divides the earth between Northern Hemisphere and Southern HemispherePrime Meridian – Divides the Eastern Hemisphere from Western Hemisphere
31 What is a hemisphere? One half of the Earth. North, South, East, West all have hemispheres.What is a hemisphere?
32 Where are the “The Tropics”? Tropic of Cancer – 23.5* North of EquatorSun’s most northern location on June 21stTropic of Capricorn – 23.5* South of EquatorSun’s most southern location on December 21st
33 Where are the “Polar Circles”? Arctic Circle – 66.5* North of the Equatorbegins the north polar regionAntarctic Circle – 66.5* South of the Equatorbegins South polar regions
34 What is “Latitude and Longitude”? It is a grid for finding yourlocation on the Earth.Like “X and Y” from the grid in math class.Or like a football field.Or like the game “Battleship”What is “Latitude and Longitude”?
35 What is Latitude? Run parallel to Equator Measures North and South 90 degrees North latitude90 degrees South latitudeImportant lines of Latitude:EquatorTropic of CancerTropic of Capricorn4. Arctic CircleAntarctic Circle
36 What is Longitude? Run parallel to Prime Meridian Measures East and West180 degrees of East longitude180 degrees of West longitudeTotal = 360 degree circleAll lines meet at North Pole and stretch to South Pole
37 How do you use Latitude and Longitude to find your way? Find the right hemispheres (N, S, E, W).Trace latitude and longitude till they meet.FOLLOW THE CURVE!
38 Classwork Latitude and Longitude Worksheet Finish 7 Continents and 5 Oceans Map