Presentation on theme: "Geography Geography The study of the earth’s physical and human features. Six Elements of Geography Five Themes of Geography Map Skills Latitude and Longitude."— Presentation transcript:
Geography Geography The study of the earth’s physical and human features. Six Elements of Geography Five Themes of Geography Map Skills Latitude and Longitude Geography Terms
Six Elements of Geography The World in Spatial Terms Places and Regions Physical Systems Human Systems Environment and Society The Uses of Geography
The Five Themes of Geography Location : Where is it? Absolute location refers to the exact spot of a place on the earth’s surface. Example: Levittown, NY 40.725N., 73.514W. Relative location tells where a place is, compared with one or more places. Example: Wantagh is directly south of Levittown
The Five Themes of Geography Place: What is it like? Place describes all of the characteristics that give an area its own special quality. Examples Physical FeaturesHuman Characteristics mountainslanguage waterwaysreligion climate architecture
The Five Themes of Geography Human/Environment Interaction: What is the relationship between people and their surroundings? People respond to the environment in many ways in order to meet their everyday needs. Example: clearing away forests to create more farmland.
The Five Themes of Geography Movement: How do people in one area relate to people in other areas? Throughout history, people, ideas, goods, and information have moved from place to place. Example: transportation (people and goods) and communication
The Five Themes of Geography Region: What common features bring geographical areas together? Physical features: mountains, rivers Human features: religion, language Colorado Mountains Chinatown
Continents Continents: large bodies of land Seven continents Asia, Africa, Antarctica, Australia, Europe, North America, South America
Hemisphere Hemisphere means half of sphere Geographers divide the earth into four hemispheres
Use mathematical formulas to transfer globe information onto a flat map. A Globe shows land and water forms accurately. A globe models the true shape of the of the earth- Sphere. Cartographer - mapmaker
From Maps to Globes Maps Mapmakers are called cartographers A flat drawing of all or part of the earth’s surface Can show small areas in great detail Can display political boundaries, population densities, or even voting returns Not as accurate as a globe, but are easily carried Globes A round scale model of the earth The most accurate way to depict the earth Gives true picture of continents’ sizes, shapes of landmasses, and bodies of water Accurately represent distance and direction
Great Circle Route An imaginary line that follows the curve of the Earth. Airplane Pilots use these routes because they are the shortest distance.
Different Kinds of Maps Political Maps: show countries, states, cities, boundaries (general purpose map: shows a wide range of general information) Physical Maps: show the earth’s natural features (mountains, plains) (general purpose map) Elevation Maps: use color to show the height of land above sea level
Different Kinds of Maps Relief Maps: a physical map that shows changes in elevation Historical Maps: show information about the past or where past events took place (special purpose map or thematic map) Distribution maps: show how things such as language, religion, population, and rainfall are distributed throughout an area. (special purpose map or thematic map)
Special Purpose Maps Usually shows patterns or themes. Example: Historical Maps show when and where events took place