Presentation on theme: "What can geography teach us about the United States?"— Presentation transcript:
1 What can geography teach us about the United States?
2 Objectives Define academic vocabulary. Identify and label elements of maps and globes.Explore the difference between relative and absolute locations.Determine absolute locations using lines of longitude and latitude.Identify and label physical features on maps.
4 Academic VocabularyGeographyglobeThe study of our physical surroundings and how humans interact with themA sphere that most accurately models of Earth
5 Academic VocabularyPhysical featureslandformA part of Earth’s surface that is a landmass or a body of waterA physical feature of Earth’s surface such as a mountain or plain
6 Academic VocabularyCompassClimateA tool or instrument used for finding directions by first locating northAspects of weather – temperature, rainfall, wind etc. – that are measured over time in an area
7 What is geography? Geo – meaning Earth Graph – meaning “describing” Geography is the study of our physical world and how we interact with it.Components:ClimateHydrology (understanding of water)LandmassesHuman InteractionVegetation (plant life)Animal Life
8 Globe vs. MapGlobeMapThe most accurate model used to represent Earth. It is sphere shaped.A representation of the whole or part of the world, usually on a flat surface.Cartographer – a person who makes maps
9 Types of Maps Political – shows city, state and country borders Physical – shows physical features of a place, such as mountains, rivers, and lakesHistorical – shows locations, events, or points of interest for a specific time in history
10 Reading Maps Map Elements: compass rose cardinal points inter-cardinal pointslegend/keysymbolslines of latitudelines of longitudescale
11 Map ElementsLines of longitudeLines of latitudeImaginary lines (Meridians) that run from the North Pole to the South PoleImaginary lines (Parallels) that run from west to east
12 Map Elements Compass Rose Legend/Key A design on a map that shows directionLegend/KeyA chart on a map that tells what symbols on a map are
13 Map Elements Scale Cardinal Points Represents distance on a map Four main parts of a compass/compass rose
14 Map Elements Inter-cardinal Points (Intermediate Points) Symbols Four points located in between the cardinal pointsSymbolsDrawings, or pictures, that represent real things on a map
15 Importance of Understanding Maps Why is it important for you to be able to read a map?What type of jobs require you to read a map?
18 Can you draw these items in there exact spot? BCDE1234567
19 LocationRelative LocationAbsolute LocationA location of a place in relation to another place, usually making use of position wordsPosition words:south under behindacross east on the side ofbeside around middledown from in front ofUsed for miles, distance and directionA location, or point, expressed by a coordinate systemLongitude Lines (Meridians):Labeled E or W0° – Prime MeridianLatitude Lines (Parallels):Labeled N or S0°– Equator90° S – South Pole90° N – North PoleUsed for hemispheres, grid systems, and addresses