Mexico Mexican gov. headed by Porfirio Diaz Encouraged foreign investments Americans owned oil, mines, railroads and ranches in Mexico
Mexico 1911 Mexican peasants/workers led by Francisco Madero overthrew Diaz & promised a democratic government
Victoriano Huerta takes over 1914 Huerta’s officers arrest American soldiers…later release President Wilson invades Mexico Huerta steps-down and Carranza becomes President and is backed by the U.S.
Mexican Revolution Rebels Francisco “Pancho” Villa and Emiliano Zapata opposed Carranza “better to die on your feet then to live on your knees” Zapata Villa
Wanted Dead or Alive Villa invites Americans to Mexico to engineer mines Has them killed 15,000 American soldiers sent to capture Villa… unsuccessful As conflict emerges in Europe (WWI) U.S. makes peace w/ Mexico
Panama French wanted a new trade route 1880’s began 50mile canal across Panama –10yrs + 20,000 lives + $280million= give up! 1903 U.S. try to save canal plan –U.S. -- $10 mil for 6 miles and $250k yearly rental for 99years Only issue …Panama was a providence of Columbia = a revolt
Review of U.S. Foreign Policy Roosevelt- Big Stick Policy Monroe Doctrine- –Named U.S. as protector of Western Hemisphere –“Protected” interests in Latin America Roosevelt Corollary- non intervention in Latin America Taft’s Dollar Diplomacy-“substituting dollars for bullets”
Fighters of Imperialism Fidel Castro (Cuba) Che Guevara (Cuba) Jose Marti (Cuba) Emilio Aguinaldo (Philippines) Francisco Madero (Mexico) Francisco “Pancho” Villa (Mexico) Emiliano Zapata (Mexico) Boxers (China)