2 Head to foot: lift head, gain muscle control of arms and hands Physical DevelopmentHead to foot: lift head, gain muscle control of arms and handsNear to far: wave arms, grab object, learn to pick up with thumbs and fingersSimple to complex: first eat with fingers, than learns to use a spoon or fork
3 Growth During First Year Weight-sign of good health-infant gains 1-2 lbs each month from birth to 6 years old-Second 6 months=baby gains weight less rapidly than in first 6 months.Height-heredity influences height more than weight-At about a year old, average height=30 inchesProportion-size relationship between different parts of body-During first year, proportions of baby’s body change.
4 Development During First Year Sight-newborn can focus on something that 7-10 inches away and at 1 month, 3 feet-prefers high contrast , stripes, faces, bull's-eyes, and the color red-helps develop hand eye coordinationHearing-develops before birth-responds to a tone of a voice and is alarmed at loud angry voicesTaste & Smell- within ten days they can distinguish by smell their mother from another person- taste rapidly develops
5 Development Continued… Voice- cry becomes softer as lungs mature- physical growth of the throat muscles, tongue, lips, teeth, and vocal cordsTeeth- development begins the sixth week of pregnancy- first set of teeth are called primary teeth (baby teeth) which come at six to seven months of age-Causes pain, swelling, and baby becomes crankyMotor Skills- depends on muscle control- requires intellectual, social, & emotional development which shows during the first year.
6 Motor Skills 1 month: lifts chin when placed on stomach 2 months: lifts chest well above surface when placed on stomach3-4 months:holds head up steadilyunsteadily reaches for objectsrolls from side to back or back to side5-6 months:sits alone brieflyturns completely over when laid on back or stomach7-8 months:eats with fingerspicks up large objectspulls self up while holding onto furniture9-10 months:reaches for and manipulates objects with good controlcrawls on hands and knees11-12 months:may walk alonepicks up small objects using thumb and forefingerfits blocks, boxes, or nesting toys inside one another