Read Summaries on Enlightenment Thinkers with your Group Fill in the enlightenment thinker chart with your group Try to assess which type of government (monarchy, republic, democracy, dictatorship, etc) each thinker would prefer (we’ll take notes after so don’t worry if you’re not sure)
Thomas Hobbes “Those who would trade in their freedom for their protection deserve neither.”
Tensions rise in the colonies What is the point of view of the artist? Is he/she biased?
Tensions continue to rise Silversmith in Boston Graduate of Harvard No taxation without representation
Colonists Respond! One if by land, two if by sea! The British are coming!
Revolutionary War We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.-- That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, --That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government Look back through your notes. Which Enlightenment thinkers and ideas influenced the writing of the Declaration of Independence
Freedom from cruel and unusual punishment & excessive bail 8 th Amendment
Any rights not listed here does not mean they don’t exist (unenumerated rights) 9th Amendment
Any power not given to the Federal Government in the constitution goes to the states 10 th Amendment
Look back at your notes… WWhat did the four Enlightenment thinkers say that appealed to American Colonists? LLocke: NNatural Rights – life, liberty, property TThe People must consent to be governed RRousseau: GGovernment exists with permission from The People GGovernment should protect rights of people MMontesquieu PPowers must be separated for Checks and Balances