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CHAPTER 19 The Enlightenment. Scientific Revolution.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 19 The Enlightenment. Scientific Revolution."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 19 The Enlightenment

2 Scientific Revolution

3 ?

4 Read Summaries on Enlightenment Thinkers with your Group  Fill in the enlightenment thinker chart with your group  Try to assess which type of government (monarchy, republic, democracy, dictatorship, etc) each thinker would prefer  (we’ll take notes after so don’t worry if you’re not sure)

5 Thomas Hobbes “Those who would trade in their freedom for their protection deserve neither.”

6 John Locke Divine Right

7 Jean-Jacques Rousseau Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains

8 Baron de Montesquieu

9 Adam Smith

10 The American Revolution

11 Tensions rise in the colonies What is the point of view of the artist? Is he/she biased?

12 Tensions continue to rise Silversmith in Boston Graduate of Harvard No taxation without representation

13 Colonists Respond! One if by land, two if by sea! The British are coming!

14 Revolutionary War We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.-- That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, --That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government Look back through your notes. Which Enlightenment thinkers and ideas influenced the writing of the Declaration of Independence


16 The Americans looked to the French and Prussians for help against the Brits

17 Articles of Confederation: FAIL

18 Our Constitution

19 Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly petition 1 st Amendment

20 Right to keep and bear arms 2 nd Amendment

21 No quartering (housing) of soldiers 3 rd Amendment

22 Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures 4th Amendment

23 Right from self-incrimination & double jeopardy 5 th Amendment

24 Right to a speedy and public trial 6 th Amendment

25 Right to trial by jury 7th Amendment

26 Freedom from cruel and unusual punishment & excessive bail 8 th Amendment

27 Any rights not listed here does not mean they don’t exist (unenumerated rights) 9th Amendment

28 Any power not given to the Federal Government in the constitution goes to the states 10 th Amendment

29 Look back at your notes… WWhat did the four Enlightenment thinkers say that appealed to American Colonists? LLocke: NNatural Rights – life, liberty, property TThe People must consent to be governed RRousseau: GGovernment exists with permission from The People GGovernment should protect rights of people MMontesquieu PPowers must be separated for Checks and Balances

30 Form a "Salon” or “Coffee House”

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