20 Elastic Clause Basis for the implied powers of Congress a statement in the U.S. Constitution granting Congress the power to pass all laws necessary and proper for carrying out the enumerated list of powers (Article I, Section 8 ).
22 Electoral CollegeAssembly elected by voters to formally elect the president
23 Judicial ReviewPower of Supreme Court to determine the constitutionality of acts of legislative and executive branches
24 Unwritten Constitution Political practices that are not part of the ConstitutionCabinet systemPolitical parties
25 CabinetA group of people chosen by the president to be advisors
26 Political PartiesGroups that seek to control the government through the winning of elections and holding public office
27 Bill of Rights 1st 10 Amendments to the Constitution Deals mostly with civil rights (liberties)1st Freedom of religion, speech, press, petition, and assembly2nd The right to bear arms and form a militia3rd No quartering of soldiers in private houses during peace time i.e. No Declaration of War hasbeen announced4th Searches and seizures; warrants5th Due process; Self-incrimination; Double jeopardy (Can't be tried for the same crime twice)6th Rights of the accused, Right to a speedy public trial7th Right to trial by jury in civil cases8th No excessive bail & fines or cruel & unusual punishment9th Unemunerated rights (i.e., rights not listed) retained by the people10th Powers reserved to the states or to the people
28 Due Process RightsConstitutional guarantee that government will not deprive any person of life, liberty or property by any unfair, arbitrary, or unreasonable action
29 Equal Protection Rights A right guaranteed under the 14th AmendmentNo State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.