 # Lesson 1 - Now Do you agree or disagree? 1.Objects must be in contact with one another to exert a force. 2.Gravity is a force that depends on the masses.

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Lesson 1 - Now Do you agree or disagree? 1.Objects must be in contact with one another to exert a force. 2.Gravity is a force that depends on the masses of the two objects and the distance between them.

Lesson 2 Reading Guide - KC How do different types of forces affect objects? What factors affect the way gravity acts on objects? How do balanced and unbalanced forces differ? Forces

Lesson 2 Reading Guide - Vocab force contact force noncontact force friction Forces gravity balanced forces unbalanced forcesunbalanced forces

Lesson 2-1 A push or pull on an object is a force.force A force has both size and direction. Arrows are used to show the size and direction of the force. There are two ways a force can affect an object: –A force can change an object’s speed and –the direction in which the object is moving. What are forces?

Lesson 2-2 A contact force is a push or a pull applied by one object to another object that is touching it.contact force Contact forces are also called mechanical forces. Types of Forces Steve Cole/Getty Images

Lesson 2-2 A force that pushes or pulls an object without touching it is a noncontact force.noncontact force Gravity is an example of a noncontact force. Types of Forces (cont.)

Lesson 2-2 What is the difference between the way contact and noncontact forces affect objects? Types of Forces (cont.)

Lesson 2-3 Friction is a contact force that resists the sliding motion between two objects that are touching.Friction The force of friction acts in the opposite direction of the motion. Rougher surfaces produce greater friction than smooth surfaces. Friction

Lesson 2-4 Gravity is a noncontact attractive force that exists between all objects that have mass.Gravity Gravitational force depends on the mass of the objects and the distance between them. Gravity

Lesson 2-4 Weight is a measure of the force of gravity acting on an object. As two objects get farther apart, the gravitational force between the objects decreases. Gravity (cont.)

Lesson 2-4 As the mass of one or both objects increases, the gravitational force between them increases. Doubling the mass of one of the objects doubles the force of attraction.

Lesson 2-4 Gravity (cont.) What factors affect the way gravity acts on objects?

Lesson 2-5 When several forces act on an object, the forces combine to act as a single force. The sum of the forces acting on an object is called the net force. Combining Forces

Lesson 2-5 Combining Forces (cont.) When different forces act on an object in the same direction, you can find the net force by adding the forces together.

Lesson 2-5 When forces act in opposite directions, you must include the direction of the force when you add them. Combining Forces (cont.)

Lesson 2-5 When the net force on an object is 0 N, the forces acting on it are balanced forces.balanced forces Combining Forces (cont.)

Lesson 2-5 If the forces acting on an object are balanced, the object’s motion does not change. Combining Forces (cont.)

Lesson 2-5 When the net force acting on an object is not 0, the forces acting on the object are unbalanced forces. unbalanced forces Unbalanced forces cause objects to change their motion, or accelerate.

Lesson 2-4 How do balances and unbalanced forces differ? Combining Forces (cont.)

Lesson 2 - VS Forces are pushes and pulls exerted by objects on each other. Contact forces occur when objects are touching. Noncontact forces act from a distance.

Lesson 2 - VS Gravity is a force of attraction between two objects. The amount of gravitational force depends on the mass of the objects and the distance between them.

Lesson 2 - VS Balanced forces do not affect motion. Unbalanced forces change motion.

Lesson 2 – LR1 Which is a measure of the force of gravity acting on an object? A.friction B.mass C.unbalanced force D.weight

Lesson 2 – LR2 A.friction B.net force C.balanced forces D.unbalanced forces Which term refers to the sum of the forces acting on an object?

Lesson 2 – LR3 A.balanced B.contact C.net D.noncontact Which force pushes or pulls an object without touching it?

Lesson 1 - Now Do you agree or disagree? 1.Objects must be in contact with one another to exert a force. 2.Gravity is a force that depends on the masses of the two objects and the distance between them.

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