2 Week 2: DO NOW TUESDAY What type of government do we have in America? Who do you think was the worst leader in history?Do you think the people should have a say in government?WEDNESDAYIn which type of economic system can private individuals own property?Which type of government has a king or a queen with all the power?Which type of democracy do we have in America?THURSDAYWhat are the names of the THREE regions of the colonies?Illustrate and label the triangular trade.
4 ObjectivesSWBAT describe the founding of the New England, Middle and Southern Colonies.SWBAT analyze the impact of geography on each region.Today’s Questions:Who founded the American Colonies?Why were the colonies formed?
5 RAP CEnotes 3 What do you need for farming? What do you think the stars on this flag represent?
6 The 13 Colonies and their flag New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New York, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia
7 Notes page 3 Background Info: England is a “superpower” with the strongest Navy and control of all ocean trade,Mercantilism: A system where the mother country (England) establishes colonies (13 colonies) to use as a trading partner. This way the mother country can increase wealth by having a favorable balance of trade (Exports>Imports)Example: England establishes a colonies in the America so it can have plenty of cotton to make textiles with in its factories. This way it doesn’t have to import the cotton from another country. Saves $$
9 Notes 4 Background Why did people come to the colonies? Economic opportunity: the chance to make money, esp. in the South in agriculture.Primogeniture: a law in England which only allowed 1st born sons to inherit land.Religious Freedom: Puritans and pilgrims were escaping the Church of England. They came to New England to reform their church.
10 Notes page 4 New England Colonies Who came and why:1620: Pilgrims come over on the Mayflower to found their new church and practice religion freely1630: Puritans take over pilgrims. Both groups wanted to escape the Church of England.Puritans are so strict they establish a theocracy in Massachusetts, forcing other colonists to leave also in search of religious freedom and tolerance.Climate/Geography:N.E. is cold and the soil is bad for farming.Small pieces of land given to single familiesEconomy:Indentured servants are brought over to work.Manufacturing and trading centers (wealthy and busy harbors like Boston)Shipbuilding
13 Notes page 4 Middle Colonies Who came and why:1650: Catholics settle in Maryland to practice religion freely—they weren’t allowed in MA.1682: Quakers come to Pennsylvania for religious tolerance.Climate/Geography:Soil good for farming wheat, barley & ryeEconomy:Cottage industries: weaving, shoemaking furniture“Bread basket colonies”
15 Notes pg. 4 Southern Colonies Who came and why:1607 Jamestown, Virginia. Founded by British men hoping to gain land and make $$.Southern colonies were founded by men looking to increase their wealth through agriculturethey are called “Proprietors”Climate/Geography:Fertile Soil, great for Cash Crops (cotton & tobacco)Economy:Plantation System (wealthy families who owned huge pieces of land and slaves)Depended on Slaves to work the plantationProduced the crops/raw materials for the Triangular Trade.