Imperialism CAUSE: The thing that happened FIRST. The REASON something happened. EFFECT: What happened after. The result of something. The policy powerful counties seeking to control the economic and political affairs of weaker countries or regions
Causes of the Spanish-American War Cuban Revolution U.S. desire to expand Yellow journalism Sinking of the USS Maine
Cuban Revolution Cuba under Spain’s control. Spain put Cubans in concentration camps and over 200,000 prisoners Cuba fought Spain many times in the 1800s for freedom. Spanish sent thousands of soldiers to Cuba.
U.S. desire to expand Americans proud of US Wanted country to grow Wanted more land and sell their goods everywhere If they defeated Spanish Empire, the US would get territory outside of north America. Wanted Cuba and Puerto Rico as part of the United States.
Yellow Journalism Newspapers tried to get the U.S. into war Print stories how cruel Spain was (sometimes told lies) Yellow Journalism was used to attract readers Report sensational stories and headlines Biased or untrue William Randolph Hearst (NY Journal) Joseph Pulitzer (NY World)
Headlines from newspapers: “Truths from Cuba that will shock the Civilized World” -November 8, 1897 “Vultures pick out sailors’ bones— people want war” -February 24, 1898 “200,000 people are starving— Spanish try to kill off Cubans” -April 15, 1897
Sinking of the USS Maine US warship stationed in Havana, Cuba Exploded Killed over 260 Americans Yellow Press ran headlines immediately blaming the Spanish for the explosion The real reason why it blew up is still unknown *SPARKED IMMEDIATE WAR WITH THE SPANISH!*
Spanish-American War (1898) Lasted only four months U.S. won—turned America into an imperial power Treaty of Paris Spanish colonies of Puerto Rico, Guam, and Philippines belonged to US Cuba gained its independence Cuba signed the Platt Amendment If Cuba wanted to have any treaties with other countries, it would have to ask America first. allowed America to intervene into Cuban affairs even during times of peace allowed America to keep navy ships in its bay (Guantanamo Bay).