Presentation on theme: "The Spanish-American War McKinley to Teddy Roosevelt."— Presentation transcript:
The Spanish-American War McKinley to Teddy Roosevelt
Problems with Cuba Cuba is a COLONY of Spain. Eventually (as people in colonies often do) Cuba got tired of Spanish control and revolt. Rebels, led by JOSE MARTI, set up their own gov’t and declare independence in 1895. Spain and Cuba go to war because of this.
This is the exciting map that shows you where Cuba is…
The U.S. gets all up in other people’s business… The U.S. and Cuba had ECONOMIC ($$) ties, since U.S. imported a bunch of sugar. Many Americans also felt sorry for Cuba (since the U.S. was a colony not that long ago as well). People in the U.S. want the gov’t to support Cuba.
YELLOW JOURNALISM Newspapers begin printing exaggerated stories about what was going on in Cuba. WILLIAM RANDOLPH HEARST and JOSEPH PULITZER print these stories to stir up sentiment to help the Cubans (and sell newspapers). This type of journalism becomes known as YELLOW JOURNALISM.
The U.S. Steps in… Spain appoints Valeriano Weyler or El Carnicero in charge and sent 20,000 troops. Finally, President McKinley asks if the U.S. can help settle the dispute. In Feb. 1898, a letter from Spanish ambassador Enrique Dupuy de Lome calls President McKinley weak. This makes the U.S. mad.
U.S. Naval Blockade around Cuba Cuba and Spain can’t agree, so McKinley sends the U.S.S. Maine to Havana’s Harbor in case U.S. citizens needed to get out quick. February 15, 1898 – The Maine explodes. We don’t know why – probably an accident, but people blame Spain. Many folks, who wanted a war anyway, call for WAR on SPAIN. Supporters cry “Remember the Maine…” McKinley gives in, and America is at war by April 1898.
Guam and the Philippines The revamped U.S. navy is ready to go and attack the PHILIPPINES (a Spanish colony) in the Pacific. They defeat the Spanish navy easily, and U.S. army comes through and takes control of it and GUAM (another island).
Back in Cuba… As it turns out, yellow fever hit the U.S. much harder than Spain did. Volunteer soldiers, with 2 nd in Command Teddy Roosevelt, help take SAN JUAN HILL – this sends the Spanish Navy into the harbor where the U.S. defeats them.
Charge of the Roughriders at San Juan Hill by Frederic Remington
Roosevelt and the Rough Riders on San Juan Hill”
So we won… Now what? On April 12, 1898, the war ends. America now has to decide what to do with Cuba, Guam, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico. Some want the U.S. to ANNEX, others thought becoming an IMPERIALIST POWER was a bad idea.
Guam and Puerto Rico – The U.S. annexes. In 1900, Puerto Rico becomes a U.S. territory (set up by the Foraker Act). U.S. annexes the Philippines, but many Filipinos don’t like it. Cuba – grants independence, but only after signing the PLATT AMENDMENT. THE U.S. IS NOW AN IMPERIAL POWER…
PLATT AMENDMENT To get independence, Cuba had to: 1) Not make a treaty with another country to weaken its independence 2) U.S. can lease naval stations in Cuba 3) Cuba’s debts had to be low 4) U.S. could intervene if necessary to keep order.
Philippine Insurrection A consequence of American Imperialism Filipinos fought for their Independence from the United States. The subsequent war would cost the lives of over 4,000 American troops, 20,000 Filipino soldiers, and 500,000 Filipino civilians.
American Foreign Policy under T.R. Big Stick Diplomacy- Theodore Roosevelt’s foreign policy of negotiations backed by the threat of force. Roosevelt said that America should speak softly and “carry a big stick.” This strong handed foreign policy eventually led to the American domination of the Western Hemisphere.
The Monroe Doctrine and Roosevelt Corollary Monroe Doctrine (1823)- European powers should create no new colonies in the Western Hemisphere and that any further colonization would be viewed as an act of aggression. The Roosevelt Corollary (1904)- Roosevelt’s addition to the Monroe Doctrine that stated that if any situation threatened the independence of any country in the Western Hemisphere, the United States would act as an “international police power.” *Big Stick Diplomacy
Panama Canal The United States needed a way to get from the Atlantic to the Pacific without going all the way around South America. They struck a deal with Panama, to protect them and support their cause for Independence from Colombia. In return the United States got exclusive rights to build and operate a shipping canal through Panama.