Direct Objects Predicate Nominatives & Adjectives
Predicate Nominative O Is a noun (naming word) or a pronoun (I, he, she, we, they, who, you, or it) that is the same as the subject of the sentence. O Predicate Nominative = P.N. O P.N.’s must be used with Linking verbs O Example: My dad is the track coach at school. Predicate nominatives are easy to check. Simply invert the sentence starting with the word after the verb in a declarative sentence, tag on the verb, and add the complete subject. O Example: The track coach at school is my dad.
Predicate Nominative O If a form of to be does not appear as the linking verb in the sentence, you will need to replace the existing linking verb with an appropriate form of to be. O Example: O Ms. Brody became our teacher. O Ms. Brody was our teacher. Check: Our teacher was Ms. Brody. O A sentence may contain a compound predicate nominative. O My best subjects are history and math. O History and math are my best subjects.
Predicate Nominative O In an interrogative sentence (?), the P.N. may be more difficult to find. Follow this method: turn the question into a statement, mark the sentence (subj. verb, and P.N.) and “invert” the statement to check it. O Example: Is Hannah the girl in the striped blouse? Hannah is the girl in the striped blouse. Check: The girl in the striped blouse is Hannah. O Example: Are you the new secretary for student council? You are the new secretary for student council. Check: The new secretary is you. Sometimes the present form of to be (is, am, are) must be inserted when checking for P.N.’s
Predicate Adjectives O P.A. is a describing word that occurs after the verb and goes back to describe the subject of the sentence O In order for a word to be a P.A., you must have the following: A. The sentence must contain a linking verb. B. The adjective must go back and describe the subject of the sentence. Examples: My wagon is red. (red wagon) The man felt (was) sick. (sick man) Sharp cheese tastes (is) good. (good cheese) Birds in our backyard sounded (are) happy. (happy birds) Note: In the sentence, “John wore a blue Shirt.”, blue is NOT a P.A.. The verb wore is NOT a linking verb, and blue describes the shirt, NOT the subject, John.