You must first find your verb Decide if your verb is action or linking. Remember----linking verbs are am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been. BLASSST FRG!
If you have an ACTION verb… Ask who or what after the verb. The answer should be a noun or pronoun. That word will be your DIRECT OBJECT! John ran the race with his friends. RAN is your verb John ran WHAT? RACE = direct object
If you have a DIRECT OBJECT… Ask to whom, for whom, to what, for what after the verb and direct object. The answer will be a noun or pronoun and will be your INDIRECT OBJECT. Mark issued his classmates an ultimatum to pass the test. Issued who or what? ULITMATUM = direct object Issued an ultimatum TO WHOM? CLASSMATES = indirect object
ACTION VERBS CAN ONLY HAVE DIRECT AND INDIRECT OBJECTS
If you have a linking verb… Ask who or what after the verb. The answer should be a noun, pronoun, or adjective. If the answer is a noun or pronoun, you have a predicate nominative. If the answer is an adjective, you have a predicate adjective.
Alex is a very smart student in this school. Alex is WHO or WHAT? STUDENT is the answer. Student is a NOUN = PREDICATE NOMINATIVE The leather chair in the living room is ugly. Chair is WHO or WHAT? UGLY is the answer. Ugly is an ADJECTIVE = PREDICATE ADJ.
LINKING VERBS CAN ONLY HAVE PREDICATE NOMINATIVES AND PREDICATE ADJECTIVES.