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Chapter 3.1 Basic Principles of the US Constitution

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1 Chapter 3.1 Basic Principles of the US Constitution
The Constitution is the foundation on which our government and society are based. There are 7 Articles! Articles = sections.

2 U.S. Constitution, Article I establishes Legislative Branch
Bicameral Senate and House of Representatives Duties given to Legislative Body Make our laws Appropriate Money Regulate Immigration Establish Post Offices and Roads Regulate Interstate Commerce and Transportation Declare War Impeach POTUS

3 U.S. Constitution, Article II establishes Executive branch
The President of the United States Approves or vetoes laws made by Congress Carries out laws made by Congress Appoints federal court judges Negotiates treaties with foreign nations Commander in Chief Of all militaries

4 U.S. Constitution, Article III established Judicial Branch
Supreme Court has final say over any public case in America Interprets the meaning of laws Rules whether laws passed by Congress are constitutional or not Rules whether POTUS has acted accordingly Done when Congress tries to impeach POTUS

5 U.S. Constitution, Article IV
Gives ‘full faith and credit’ to each States Forces other states to recognize all government acts done by any state Drivers license Marriage documents Birth records

6 U.S. Constitution, Article V
Congress can propose Amendments to the US Constitution with 2/3 votes by States. There are 27 amendments today added to the US Constitution! Can you name any?

7 U.S. Constitution, Article VI
All debts owned by America at time of ratification will be recognized and must be paid back. Also, stipulates that the US Constitution is the ‘supreme law of the land’ Even over any state Constitutions.

8 U.S. Constitution, Article VII
Stipulates 9 out of 13 states must sign the Constitution in order for it to be ratified.

9 5 basic principles of US Constitution
Popular Sovereignty Limit Governments power Separation of Powers Checks an Balances Federalism

10 Popular Sovereignty The people hold the ultimate authority
A representative democracy lets the people elect leaders to make decisions for them

11 Limited Government Framers wanted to guard against tyranny
Government is limited to the power given them in the Constitution. The Constitution tells how leaders who overstep their power can be removed

12 Federalism The division of power between State and National Governments Some powers are shared The National Government has the “supreme power”

13 Separation of Powers No one holds “too much” power
Legislative branch makes the laws Executive branch carries out the laws Legislative branch interprets the laws

14 5 Principles of Constitution

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