Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3.1 Basic Principles of the US Constitution"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 3.1 Basic Principles of the US Constitution The Constitution is the foundation on which our government and society are based.There are 7 Articles!Articles = sections.
2 U.S. Constitution, Article I establishes Legislative Branch BicameralSenate and House of RepresentativesDuties given to Legislative BodyMake our lawsAppropriate MoneyRegulate ImmigrationEstablish Post Offices and RoadsRegulate Interstate Commerce and TransportationDeclare WarImpeach POTUS
3 U.S. Constitution, Article II establishes Executive branch The President of the United StatesApproves or vetoes laws made by CongressCarries out laws made by CongressAppoints federal court judgesNegotiates treaties with foreign nationsCommander in ChiefOf all militaries
4 U.S. Constitution, Article III established Judicial Branch Supreme Courthas final say over any public case in AmericaInterprets the meaning of lawsRules whether laws passed by Congress are constitutional or notRules whether POTUS has acted accordinglyDone when Congress tries to impeach POTUS
5 U.S. Constitution, Article IV Gives ‘full faith and credit’ to each StatesForces other states to recognize all government acts done by any stateDrivers licenseMarriage documentsBirth records
6 U.S. Constitution, Article V Congress can propose Amendments to the US Constitution with 2/3 votes by States.There are 27 amendments today added to the US Constitution!Can you name any?
7 U.S. Constitution, Article VI All debts owned by America at time of ratification will be recognized and must be paid back.Also, stipulates that the US Constitution is the ‘supreme law of the land’Even over any state Constitutions.
8 U.S. Constitution, Article VII Stipulates 9 out of 13 states must sign the Constitution in order for it to be ratified.
9 5 basic principles of US Constitution Popular SovereigntyLimit Governments powerSeparation of PowersChecks an BalancesFederalism
10 Popular Sovereignty The people hold the ultimate authority A representative democracy lets the people elect leaders to make decisions for them
11 Limited Government Framers wanted to guard against tyranny Government is limited to the power given them in the Constitution.The Constitution tells how leaders who overstep their power can be removed
12 FederalismThe division of power between State and National GovernmentsSome powers are sharedThe National Government has the “supreme power”
13 Separation of Powers No one holds “too much” power Legislative branch makes the lawsExecutive branch carries out the lawsLegislative branch interprets the laws