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HEALTH EDUCATION AND HEALTH PROMOTION. Objectives: You students will be capable To differentiate between health education and health promotion To understand.

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Presentation on theme: "HEALTH EDUCATION AND HEALTH PROMOTION. Objectives: You students will be capable To differentiate between health education and health promotion To understand."— Presentation transcript:


2 Objectives: You students will be capable To differentiate between health education and health promotion To understand the role of health promotion in disease prevention

3 Health Education: Definition “ Health education is the process by which individuals and group of people learn to “: Promote Maintain Restore health. “Education for health begins with people as they are, with whatever interests they may have in improving their living conditions”.

4 Health Education: Definition (Continued ) A process that informs, motivates, and helps people to adopt and maintain healthy practices and life styles.

5 Health education or Health Promotion? Health education is defined as: “Any combination of learning experiences designed to facilitate voluntary adaptation of behavior conducive to health”.

6 HE or HP (Continued) This definition imply: - All possible channels of influence on health are appropriately combined and designed to support adaptation of behavior. - The word “voluntary” is significant for ethical reasons. (Educators should not force people to do what they don’t want to do )

7 HE or HP i.e. All efforts should be done to help people make decisions and have their own choices. - The word “designed” refers to planned, integral, intended activities rather than casual, incident, trivial experiences.

8 Health education or Health Promotion? With rising criticism that traditional H.E. was too narrow, focused on individual’s lifestyle and could become “victim blaming”, more work was done about wider issues e.g. social policy, environmental safety measures EMERGENCE of HEALTH PROMOTION )

9 Health Promotion: “ Is any combination of educational, organizational, economic and environmental support for behaviors and conditions of living conducive to health.” Health Promotion is a widely used term to encompass various activities e.g. :  Behavior & lifestyle,  Preventive health services,  Health protection directed at environment,  Health related public policy,  Economic & regulatory measures. (Health Education is the primary and dominant measure in Health Promotion ).

10 10 Key Action Areas for Health Promotion (Ottawa Charter and Jakarta Declaration) Build healthy public policy Create supportive environments Strengthen community action Develop personal skills Reorient health services towards primary health care Promote social responsibility for health Increase investment for health development to address social inequalities leading to poor health Consolidate and expand partnerships for health Strengthen communities and increase community capacity to empower the individual Secure an infrastructure for health promotion

11 Health Promotion Means Changing Behavior at Multiple Levels A Individual: knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, personality   BInterpersonal: family, friends, peers   CCommunity: social networks, standards, norms   DInstitutional: rules, policies, informal structures EPublic Policy: local policies related to healthy practices Source: Adapted from National Cancer Institute, Theory at a Glance: A Guide for Health Promotion (2003), available online at

12 Stages of Change Model Precontemplation ActionDecision MaintenanceContemplation

13 Organizational Change Organizational Stage Theory Define problem Identify solutions Initiate action Allocate resources Implement Institutionalize Organizational Development Theory Worker behavior and motivation Organizational structures

14 Health Promotion Tools Mass media Social marketing Community mobilization Health education Client-provider interactions Policy communication Source: Robert Hornik and Emile McAnany, “Mass Media and Fertility Change,” in Diffusion Processes and Fertility Transition: Selected Perspectives, ed. John Casterline (Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2001): 208-39.

15 AIMS OF HEALTH EDUCATION: 1. To develop a sense of responsibility for health conditions, as individuals, as members of families & communities. (Promotion,prevention of disease & early diagnosis and management ). 2. To promote and wisely use the available health services. 3. To be part of all education, and to continue throughout whole span of life.

16 Process of health education: Dissemination of scientific knowledge (about how to promote and maintain health), leads to changes in KAP related to such changes.

17 New ideas and practices Awareness Interest Evaluation Trial Adoption

18 Steps for adopting new ideas & practices : AWARENESS (Know about new ideas) INTEREST (Seeks more details ) EVALUATION (Advantages versus disadvantages + testing usefulness ) TRIAL (Decision put into practice) ADOPTION (person feels new idea is good and adopts it)

19 Practice of health education Individual and family Education to general public T.V Radio Press Films Health magazine Posters Health exhibition ● Health museum Mass media is less effective in changing human behavior

20 Group health education Lectures Film and charts Group discussion Panel discussion Symposium Workshop  Role playing  Demonstration  Programmed instruction  Stimulation and exercise

21 CONTENTS OF HEALTH EDUCATION: Nutrition Health habits Personal hygiene Safety rules Basic (K) of disease & preventive measures Mental health Proper use of health services Sex education Special education for groups( fd handlers, occupations, mothers, school health etc. ) Principles of healthy life style e.g. sleep, exercise

22 Principles of health education: Interest Participation Motivation Comprehension Proceeding from the known to the unknown Reinforcement through repetition Good human relations People, facts and media: “knowledgeable, attractive, acceptable “.

23 Principles Interest Participation Known to unknown Comprehension Reinforcement Motivation Learning by doing Soil, seed Good human relation Leaders

24 Principles of health education: Learning by doing:“ If I hear, I forget. If I see, I remember. If I do, I know”. Motivation, i.e. awakening the desire to know and learn:- Primary motives, e.g. inborn desires, hunger, sex. - Secondary motives, i.e. desires created by incentives such as praise, love, recognition, competition.

25 Communication in health education: Education is primarily a matter of communication, the components of which are: CHANNELS AUDIENCE MESSAGE COMMUNICATOR - Individual - Conform with - Educator - Media - Group objectives. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- - 2 way - Public - understandable - needs+ interest of audience ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- - 1 way - Public - Acceptable - ? Content of message -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

26 Communication Communicator Message Audience Channels of communication

27 Communication barriers Physiological Difficulties in hearing, expression Psychological Emotional disturbance Environmental Noise, invisibility Cultural Knowledge, custom, believe, religion

28 Evaluation of health education programs: There should be continuous evaluation. Evaluation should not be left to the end but should be done from time to time for purpose of making modifications to achieve better results.

29 EVALUATION CYCLE: Describe problem Describe program State goals Determine needed information Modify program Establish basis for proof of effectiveness Analyze &compare Organize data Develop& test Determine data results base instruments collecting method


31 HP and Health Education

32 Objectives: You students will be capable To differentiate between health education and health promotion To understand the role of health promotion in disease prevention

33 Questions?

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